New Ingredients For Treating Hyperpigmentation

The lines and wrinkles are of course considered to be the hallmark of ageing but the recent researches indicates that uneven skin tone, dark spots, or patches on the skin as signs of ageing has surpassed the other ageing concerns. These dark patches or spots usually appear on the face, hands and décolletage which indicate UV exposure and hormonal changes.

There are mainly three causes which lead to hyperpigmentation. These include the following;

• Melasma: it occurs as dark brown patches on the areas of face that are exposed to sun. it is usually known as the “mask of pregnancy” because it generally occurs during the period of pregnancy due to hormonal changes in the body. Though melasma is likely to appear in any skin tone, but dark skin types are more vulnerable to melasma. Also women who take any hormonal supplements or pills taken for birth control are likely to develop melasma.
• Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: it is a skin condition which results from trauma, injury or inflammation to the skin causing appearance of dark spots. It is most prevalent in dark skinned people.
• Sun damage: it is one of the major causes of hyperpigmentation and skin damage in all skin types particularly in light skin tones. Sun damage not only cause dark spots but also cause premature ageing of skin leading to deep set wrinkles and lines. It can also further worsen other forms of pigmentation.

Topical treatment options for hyperpigmentation

As hyperpigmentation is a highly prevalent condition of skin and affects all types of skin tones at varying levels, scientific research is carried out continuously to find out new ingredients which helps in effective and safe treatment of hyperpigmentation and lighten the colour of skin. It is important to note that the mainstay of hyperpigmentation treatment is around the year protection from UV rays of the sun by using a broad spectrum SPF 30 or higher sunscreen in order to gain maximum benefits from the brightening and lightening skin care products.

Before using any product for hyperpigmentation, it is important to seek expert and professional advice from hyperpigmentation skin clinic at Harley Street, to know which product would suit best to a particular type of pigmentation issue.

The new ingredients have been found to be effective in treating hyperpigmentation that include the following;

1. Soy: it is extracted from the plant of soybean. It is the most commonly utilized ingredients that you will found in most of the skin lightening moisturizers. It is available in cosmeceutical as well as combination products. The soy acts by inhibiting the shift of melanosomes (small melanin packages) towards the upper layer of skin.

2. Niacinimide: it is a type of Vitamin B3 that works in a similar way as Soy by inhibiting the transmission of melanosomes to the surface of skin. It is also used in numerous cosmeceutical skin care products for its effective skin lightening properties and preventing further pigmentation.

3. Ellagic acid: it is a natural acid that is derived from cherries, strawberries and pomegranates. It acts as an anti-oxidant and inhibits the activity of the enzymes that are required for production of melanin. Studies have shown that it works better as skin lightener as compared to Kojic acid or arbutin.

4. Lignin Peroxidase: this enzyme is derived from the fungus in wood pulp that lightens its colour and has the ability to break down the melanin for skin lightening effect. It is available in over the counter skin lightening products.
Whichever skin lightening product you opt for, it is better to have a thorough consultation with the dermatologist at Hyperpigmentation clinic at Harley Street to know exactly which product will suit best to your skin.

Whichever skin lightening product you opt for, it is better to have a thorough consultation with the dermatologist at Hyperpigmentation clinic at Harley Street to know exactly which product will suit best to your skin.