Great history of random numbers but I had to watch The Importance of Being E.R.N.I.E. twice, fantastic! That was 1963 — how long did it take before computers replaced that huge human crew of female clerks, searchers, sorters, collators, and typists? And every business and government department had them, thousands and thousands of well-paying jobs all gone within a generation if not a decade. I imagine that the British Government still has ERNIE somewhere calculating random numbers and feeding them into some Oracle or SAP-based system which does all the rest of the work. And all those women have been hired by GCHQ to monitor Internet traffic around the world. Imagine the filing cabinets they have now, full of the records of our online activity.