The Panchtantra

Introduction

Introduction * Principles * The Monkey & The Wedge

* Other Works

Panchatantra composed in 3rd century BCE by Vishnu Sarma initially,
Based on older oral traditions, going back to origins of language surely,
It is the most frequently translated literary text of India certainly,
With over 200 versions, more than 50 languages is found universally.

This but a nitisastra; treatise on political science, human conduct be,
Written as story, to instruct three dull princes, in principles of polity,
It is based on Dharma, Artha shastras — answering questions clearly,
How to achieve pleasures in life, with growth of man harmoniously.

How to lead a pleasant life with determined actions, complete security,
Yet be showered with friendship, good learning, wisdom and prosperity,
It a compilation of Sanskrit and Pali animal fables — in prose and poetry,
Pancha means five, Tantra means the ways, principles or strategies.

Amidst Panchatantra, Aesop’s Fables, Arabian Nights, Sindbad stories,
Many a nursery rhymes and ballads — there is a strong similarity,
Such animal fables found in world cultures — India the prime source be,
Panchatantra — origin of many nursery rhymes, ballads, Arabian stories.

Introduction * Principles * The Monkey & The Wedge

* Other Works