This presumes that consequences are known (“it worked” or “it failed”). Layers of management are more frequent when the intent to measure is low. This is because if data are speaking then you are more likely to have clarity about the decision, even before it is made — you have to form your thoughts around the subject well. If guesses/opinions are speaking then having tight control over processes can stop people from getting too curious about how things are being mismanaged.
“Ask me for permission” dictators lead with an intentional lack of measurement. “Show me the data” leadership yields flattened decision-making.