Politcal Thriller C. 63 BCE
Hour 1: Duke Ellington School of the Arts: 2.15.17: 1500–1600
I teach photography at one of the local high schools my students are currently taking there midterm. which none of them studied for so I decided to start the next module labeled Political Thriller. We start off with the back ground of the plot story between Cicero and Catiline. Marcus Tullius Cicero in this module exposed the plot of Lucius Sergius Catilina whom was trying to disband the Roman Republic.
Catilina and Cicero’s were participants in the Senate of the Roman Republic. They were rivals competing for the consulship the highest political position at the time. Catilina has competed and lost started to plot how to overthrow the Roman Republic. Catilina was born of noble birth his grandfather had faught against Hannibal during the Punic War. During the time that the module takes place he was in debt and borrowed money in hopes to win the elections. Unfortunately he did not win and came in 3rd out of the six people running for the spot. The two spots ahead of hime were Cicero and Gaius Antonius Hybrida. The people after him were not discussed in the reading. After losing and being in debt Catilina had no choice but to go forward with his plan to over through the government. His plans were cut short when Quintus Curious told his wife Fulvia about the plan in order to keep her from leaving him (which I think is silly). Of course playing into stereotypes about women gossiping Fulvia told Cicero’s wife Terentia.
Hour 2: Douglas Hall: 2.16.17: 0940–1100
we started to discuss images and how we view ourselves and how we try to advance our portrait. Alexander starts the tradition of being a charismatic leader and promoting self image. Alexander became king at age 13. Apparently Kandahar is the Alexandria of Afghanistan. His curly hair was awesome. We discussed the correlation between football players hair and Alexanders’ hair. On his breast plate is medusa who is a gorgon. apotropaic: it means to ward off evil. If you look at medusa you will turn into stone. In Rome little boy wore erect penis to ward of evil. Zoolander had a melting gaze it stops someone in their tracks. Alexander was very conscious about how we was being seen. Alexander was quite cocky and had an imperial outlook. Arete: greek word for excellence and also translated as striving. One of my classmates brought up how trumps twitter photo is different from most presidential photos.
We were asked what would be our ideal photo to showcase our leadership? I think for me when taking a portrait to convey myself as a leader would to be in a professional suit at the national portrait gallery in front of the big window holding my cameras. because it represents my passion to create beautiful imagery. Also having the window light my hair to show the freedom of my hair. Below is kind of a evolution and growth of my hair through the years and how Imagine myself as a leader. As I’m about to commission in the Army my Idea of what I should look like has changed there are two pictures below that show my growth from senior year of high school to now. On how I view myself and leadership.
Hour 3–4: The Coffee Bar: 1200–1300:2.16.17
In the module the Cicero calls into question the intentions of Catilina of wanting to be on the consulship. Cicero describes the ambition of Catilina as “unbridled horse trampling upon rome.” Catiline defended himself against Cicero’s by reaffirming his legitimacy as a noble man. In his argument he calls Cicero a new man or “Nuvo Homo.” Cicero and Catiline were both Patricians’, Cicero cam from a small city and wealthy family and was fairly new to politics. Catiline played on this showing that Cicero running for consul could be seen as suspicious. In the module we identify issues in leadership like the differences between Populares vs. Optimates and income equality.
Optimate: Cicero thought it was best if the republic should be ruled by the upper- class. He sought to uphold the oligarchy.
Populares: Catiline and his crew wanted the popular support against the oligarchy, for the good of the public or themselves.
Issues that leaders deal with in this module:
Personal Rivalry: Catiline opted out of having Cicero as his running mate for the election but instead Cicero ran with Hybrida in order to control him. This caused a feud between the two. Cicero won the election with Hybrida, whom he manipulated with money.
Morality & Character: Cicero bribed his Hybrida with idea of being able to add more fund to his campaign, by trying to be the governor of Macedonia. Hybrida would latter be driven in to exile and Cicero would take up position as Consul. Cicero’s morality can be debated, is move allowed him to be protected him from Catiline’s reach.
Finances: Being apart of the Consulship was a lucrative position during the time period. This title in government would attract people who wanted to achieve personal gain. Catline should have canceled his debt if he had won the election and would have not needed to take the consulship by force.
Socioeconomic Status: The relationship between Cicero (the Optimate) and Catiline (the Populare). Questions to consider: Did Catiline resent the Opitmates because he was poor. Is Cicero in the Optimate class because he was wealthy. Maybe Cicero was an Optimate class because he was wealthy and wanted to keep the wealth attached to the oligarchy and patricians.
Empire: These men saw the Roman Empire in two different idealogies. Catiline would eventually become a enemy of the state for treason. On the other hand Cicero would become known as the “Father of the fatherland.” Some the behaviors in this module tie back to “i know what boys like” in that loyalty that everyone has for each other.
Rhetoric: How did thes mean have the ablity to persuade? How can rhetoric be measured? What is the genius behind Cicero’s four Catilintarian speeches?
The fall of the Roman empire is near. The roman empire extended to modern day France, Asia, Mediterranean, and a little bit of Africa. At this time there were socioeconomic inequalities between the classes. The political parties of Optimates and Popluares was fairly new and not fully developed yet.
Hour 5–6: Douglass Hall: 0940–1100: 02.21.17
We discussed rhetoric. the positive and negative connotations with that word. Cicero is the greatest orator and example of rhetoric. We are a generation before Octavian and Antony. Time were Cicero and Antony develop there hate for each other. Cicero shows how powerful rhetoric is, he was not from the well born families of Rome. He was a Nuvos Homo. Consulship position was the equivalent of being president. He made his carrier by being peoples lawyers. He was paid in favors, he built enough political favor in order to run for office.
Noted all the ways Rhetoric has played a role in leadership:
forensic rhetoric: goes on in the courts. (Socrates)
Epidadtic: eulogy, sing someones praise. persuade people that they were a good person. invective is the opposite of Epidadtic. (Agamemnon & Achilles, Socrates)
Deliberative: in a group or assembly setting trying to when some one over. (Agamemnon)
if you have male sex organs and you do not stand up for yourself you are not mainly. The assembly is the place were men win glory. first place is the battlefield and the second is the assembly the ability to get people to do what you want. Socrates trial is an example of deliberative rhetoric when he tries to when people on his side.
The argument of probability is the basis for most racial argument for courts. The kind of person….
Hours 7–8: 1200–1330: 2.21.17: Big Bear Cafe
Senatus Poplusque Romae
In Rome the senates served as a place of wisdom and leadership for the empire. They had civilian style armies what we would compare to the National Guar or the reserves. The Optimates saught that the best should be in charge. In econimic hard times the populares would come together to speak on behalf of the poor with the belief the Optimates wouldn’t do that. In way its like the 2016 election trump (populare) got elected because of his rhetoric to take care of those who were disenfranchised by the Obama Administration. While the people who apposed hillary (Optimates) felt that she was rich and out of touch with the average American. Catiline was sometimes seen as a Audacia meaning that he was willing to break laws or flip flop across boundaries. The Audacia were portrayed as unbridled horses.
In class we briefly talked about someones Emotional Intelligence, and the different facets of Rhetoric. Being that Cicero was a student of Aristotle and his teachings of rhetoric and argumentation. He was familiar with logical fallacies (appeal force &pity and the value of decorum & rhetorical vices). Rhetorical Triangle (author, audience, message) and Rhetorical Appeals (logos, ethos, pathos). Decorum means what is fitting which ties into someones emotional intelligence. this has value to leaders in making complex decisions. Or as the army calls it Mission Command and The military Decision Making Process (MDMP). Ideally a person with emotional intelligence should have the following:
Empathy: Ones ability to be in there feelings.
Perception: Having the ability to understand why someone is acting a certain way. Understanding that your perception of someone is not their reality
Self-Aware: Knowing your self (strengths and weaknesses) how those impact the organization you are in. Also how people perceive you.
Self-Regulating: The ability to control your emotions and your physical responses.
Social Skills: the ability to interact and network with other humans.
Cicero had a few ideas on the principles of rhetoric:
- Having a knowledge on a variety of subjects in important in order to have successful rhetoric.
- Having a specific style or word choice and syntax is ideal when putting thoughtful speech together.
- Understanding the psychology and sociology of the human condition in order to better appeal to your audience