Spirits in the Material World

Hour 1: Douglass Hall: 0940–1100: 2/9/17

leadership styles discussed so far in the class.

Agamemnon — king

socrates — philosopher

a sophist is paid large sums of money to teach rhetoric.

Octavian — emperor

mar Antony — roman statesmen, member of a triumphant

cleopatra: queen of Egypt subordinate to the roman empire

Lycurgus: law making as leadership, very prescriptive

Leoniades: Spartan King

Poetry: might be considered philosophy

Julius Caesar: dictator and a console

What kind of Leadership style do I think I posses? (question asked in class) Being an INTJ my leadership style goes against the traditional style taught by the army. were the commander should be up front and setting the example for his/her troops. I find it more effective to lead from the back/middle. that way I can see what happening in front of me in my formation so that i can easily correct it. As i grow as a leader I find it important to adopt many different leadership styles until I hone my own skills. for now my philosophy is simple “bottom line up front”

Which types of Leadership do I Identify with most with? (question asked in class) I think I like socrates leadership style the most. I’m more of analytical person. so i like to ask questions first and gather all the information before i proceed to take action. I think when leaders don’t have all the information before they proceed will endanger they’re subordinates. With using the Socratic method and questioning I allow my subordinates to learn the depth of their own understanding and I allow them to question thing is they do not know it themselves.

Impression management of information sent out by leaders.

Hour 2–5: 0900–1245: big bear cafe: 2.12.17

This weeks module has to deal with spirits and the soul. The definition for a spirit is the part of the person that isn’t physical. Now we are getting into what it the essence of what a leader is. The main leaders we are focusing on this week are Trajan, Octavian (Augustus), and Alexander the Great.

Vocabulary Words:

Iconography: a collection of illustrations or portraits

Iconology: Study of visual imagery and its symbolism

Visual Arts: was the main from used by Hellenistic leaders for example sculptures and mosaics.

Leonine: being lion like or manly

Leadership today is under a microscopic lens because of social media. We are able to get information in a instant and we are society where we are gaging people looks and not their capabilities. Something we are told in ROTC is that perception is reality, I think this holds true for ancient leaders. The tough part about being a leader is that if you lose credibility with you soldiers then it will be harder for them to want to follow you. Ancient leaders had it easer as their leadership was attached to how well they were as a military. The idea was to conquer and having the ability to conquer peoples. Modern leaders focus on ideas and rhetoric like with the election of 2016 and Trump with “Make America Great Again” back in the day you swayed your followers through the might of you military.

Alexander the Great: Macedonia King (356–323BCE) first Hellenistic leader to put his face on coins as political propaganda. His face was featured on coins and statues around the state. Alexander commissioned the artist Lysippos was the only authorized to to make Alexanders image. The image allowed him to control how is followers views him and how he would go on to be remembered. This a generalization bust most leaders are nepotistic so it no surprise that he had his face everywhere. Plutarch says the portraiture of alexander is “poised turn of the neck and a melting glance.” It shows Alexanders manliness. In Hellenistic culture having lion like qualities is something Alexander tried his best to portray. In his coinage view you can tell his hair resembles a lions main. Alexander the great in a way showed his character with his lion hair, melting gaze. It showed the essence of his manliness and the qualities he wanted society to admire about him. His locks were unkempt which gave a wildness and uncertainty to him.

Again for any leader authority and credibility is important without that your followers will be hesitant to follow you. In the earlier modules we talked about Achilles an how establishes himself as great leader. Agamemnon establishes himself by being liked by Zeus. Mark Antony uses his flirtatious way and Cleopatra draws similarities to Aphrodite. Socrates references himself to the oracle of Delphi that he is the wisest man. Lycurgus developed laws and while Ledonidas validated himself a person who followed Lycurgan law and a decedent of Herakles. In this module the idea of leaders validating themselves continues with Alexander and being the offspring of Herakles. Another Iconography was that of Alexanders mosaic that depicted the Battle of Issus against the Presian King Darius III (333 BCE). In the mosaic Alexander can be seen wearing the Aegis of Zeus on his armor.

Octavian (A.K.A Augustus) a Roman conqueror was influenced by Hellenistic rulers. Until Julius Caesar took over Rome was a republic government. After his assassination Octavian took over and then changed his name to Augustus, he then brought peace to Rome and restored power to the Senate. He had the qualities of a good leader in my opinion he was able to appease everyone. Augustus had a monument dedicated to him after his return from his military exploits called the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace). He gave peace to the Romans after many years of unrest. The Altar of peace helped raise Augustus to god like qualities which help support his own claims. In reading the article I found out that the Ara Pacis was discovered underneath a place by Mussolini. Iconography gives us a look into the visons of a leader through art and history.

In this module we discover a new ancient leader is Roman Emperor Trajan who conquer the Dacians. He had the roman senate dedicate an obelisk like memorial to him. The artist is believed to be designed by Apollodrus of Damascus (113AD). Trajan is presented in his monument different from Augustus and Alexander.

Hours 6–7: Douglas Hall: 0940–1100: 2.14.17

Dr. Sandridge came to class singing on a guitar, which was pretty cool, and encourages us to find musical ways to relive stress. We discussed the Ara Pacis, The isis Mosaic of Alexander, the column of roman emperor Trajan. Getting us thinking about the material side of leadership. The ways in which monuments can lead D.C. is a city of monuments hand how they correlate to leadership.

We discussed the problems that president fredrick my have by bringing the new secretary of eduction to Howard. The conversation could have gone different if Dr. Carr was in the meeting.

Cons: perceptions from the student body, correlates to challenges of Agamemnon. Is this a situation a leader could lose control of his emotions.

Dr. Sandridge asked if we would compromise are beliefs and morals to back betsy duvos. Essentially we debated wether or not Dr. fredrick was saving face and how this affects his leadership. A student brought up that his motives are understood because his trying to equip students with the tools to navigate Howard in and outside the world. And how Howard transitions to other places and how the meeting can shift the perception of Howard.

Dr. Sandrige equated the visit to something out of a reality TV show. I think the Washington Post did a great job highlighting what the actually visit might of meant. A lot of students didn’t know the visit actually took place.

What does Black advancement mean Booker T. Washington Vs. W.E.B. DuBois?

The visit was in a symbol of iconography and imprecation management Howard and Fredrick have become the token black institution for reference in the nation as for as education. should you do things a leader to make outsiders fell comfortable or to make the followers of your organizations feel comfortable.

Hour 8: 0900–1030: School of C (Tech Center): 2.15.17

In class we discussed Trajan and how style can influence how a leader identifies themselves. Trajan wore his hair differently than the ancient leaders before him his hair was more of a bowl type thing as seen in this picture.

His hair is neat and orderly, when I think of a leader I think of someone who is well kept and has a command presence. Is hair closely resembles the modern day military hair regulations we have now. A leaders presence deals with their character, hairstyles, and how they carry themselves. Being a leader in army rotc we are often asked as senior what do we want our legacy to be after we leave Howard University. The same goes for these ancient leaders they led in away so the would be remembered in this case their legacy was the buildings that were built in there honor that would last thousands of years after their death.

The above picture is the Column of Trajan which honored the Emperor Trajan after his victory over Dacia. The iconographic scheme on the column shows Trajan’s wars in Dacian. Lower part depicts the first ward and the upper half shows the second war. In the frieze Trajan is show in various ways as a leader, in every appearance his commanding and addressing his troops.

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