How can 75% of a population receive a UNIVERSAL basic income?
Michael Grimshaw

Thanks for your comment. I wrote this article with the particular context of India, where UBI is currently being discussed. And though I agree that if it isn’t extended to everyone it can’t be called universal, the government here is deliberating starting out with 75%. In fact, my article neither supports UBI, nor does it reject it completely. That debate is rife. And I haven’t added to that debate here. I started out with the assumption that should the Indian Government decide to go ahead with UBI, what could help reduce the fiscal burden that will result. Moreover, as I state, I was only looking at putting insights from Behavioural Economics to work.

By the way the option that you suggest of “paying people to attend university” or a “conditional cash transfer” hasn’t been proven to be beneficial either. In fact, critiques of conditional cash transfers abound. Also, in the context of India, university education comes much later. We are still trying to figure out how we can ensure universal primary and secondary education.