I’ll focus on the human capital question here.
Lyman Stone

The population of my country was only 2 million at independence, mainly unskilled and poorly educated. May sound counter productive for me to say this but countries like mine were not ready for independence, it was only the cruel racist dehumanization suffered during the years of federation with Southern Rhodesia or modern day Zimbabwe forced nationalist to pull us out of the British empire.
Infrastructure was so low that for the first 20 years the government had to start building a nation from the remaining exploitation based structure used by GB, proper housing, schools, defense(at independence practically the entire Air Force was handed to Northern Rhodesia) and universities had to be built and run by people trained practically overnight.
I would go on forever but I don’t have time, so let me tell you something, as under optimistic as I am about my country’s politics at the moment, I do feel that we are slowly hitting a threshold where human capital will develop to a point where the country’s institutions will be much more able to manage the economy of the nation, in just the 35yrs of my life I have witnessed the country going from having only zero universities and schools to the hundreds we have now, and hundreds of malls, non natural resource related industries and vibrant SME ecology. Developmentally we are approaching that threshold too, don’t forget that Africa is the fastest growing region in the world in terms of economy, despite the vast challenges a time is coming when the world will look at it and awe. FYI, as high as poverty is in my country not everyone in it suffers from low daily calorie intake, and random violence, therefore not all the human capital is in fact of lower quality. You should come pay us a visit.

One clap, two clap, three clap, forty?

By clapping more or less, you can signal to us which stories really stand out.