As for the futility of fact-checking, I’m afraid it’s going to get much worse. In my industry (3D/VR), we’re very close to the point where someone can quickly create a realistic 3D model of your face, simply using publicly-available images from Google, and quickly create a realistic model of your voice, simply using publicly-available clips on YouTube. They can then animate this virtual avatar to say anything. And it will look very real.
Addressing so-called fake news is going to require a lot more than labeling. It’s going to require a cultural change about how we make sense of information, whom we trust, and how we understand our own role in grappling with information. Quick and easy solutions may make the controversy go away, but they won’t address the underlying problems.
Papert railed against Computer Aided Instruction, in which the computer force-feeds knowledge to the child — he saw this as nothing more than a shift of traditional pedagogy to a different medium. Papert wanted to flip this dynamic on his head so that “the child programs the computer”.