Outline Cover Page
· The Dakota Access Pipeline will become a major source of independent natural resources in the United States. The pipeline has created over 10,000 jobs and other economic benefits for U.S citizens.
· Native tribesman and individuals that live in the communities where the pipeline is in the process of constructing are fearful for their health as crude oil could leak from the pipeline into their drinking water. The pipeline has seen negative feedback from social media and is being encouraged for people to stop construction.
· The Dakota Access, LLC will provide a safer alternative of oil transportation to protect local resources and the health of individuals. This pipeline will demonstrate remarkable economic benefits to America’s working class citizens in the constructed areas as we proceed the implementation of this great pipeline.
Literature Review Paragraph:
· The outstanding history of the control of native lands and the thirst for expansion
· The site of this pipeline
· Issue has remained… to protect our natural resources, citizens, and look for alternative renewable energy sources
(Toulmin Logic Model)
· Oil transportation by pipeline is the safest method of oil transportation…
· …Because there are fewer incidents and destruction reports compared to alternative oil transportation methods such as rail and truck.
· In 2014 alone, there has been over 800 reported fatalities by transporting crude oil by rail compared to the seven reported fatalities by transporting oil through pipeline.
· Our first priority while transporting natural resources within the United States is the protection of our workers, citizens, and environment.
· They Say (concern): North Dakota citizens fear their drinking water becoming contaminated from oil leaks.
· I say (resolution): Advancements in pipeline technology will detect any potential irregularities within the pipeline that will be resolved.
· This pipeline can not afford trespassers, or protestors slowing the construction process. When this pipeline is completed it will truly present benefits for the United States economy.
· The pipeline will create more livable lifestyles for the working class.
EN — 103
November 18th, 2016
The Dakota Access, LLC, a subsidiary of Energy Transfer Crude Oil Company, LLC, is in the process of constructing a 1,172-mile, 30-inch diameter pipeline into the Bakken shale rock of North Dakota to a terminus in Illinois. This will become one of the United States major sources of natural crude oil. The construction of this pipeline has been under pressure as local citizens and native tribesmen in North Dakota have called the pipeline an intrusion on their indigenous lands. Protestors have also explained their issues of the potential hazards to their water resources underneath the Missouri River. However, The Dakota Access, LLC will provide a safer alternative of oil transportation to protect local resources and the health of individuals. This pipeline will demonstrate remarkable economic benefits to America’s working class citizens as we proceed the implementation of this great pipeline.
There has been an outstanding history over the control of native lands and energy companies thirst for expansion in the United States. Constructing a crude oil pipeline in indigenous, sacred lands has become a major issue for indigenous communities. Large corporations such as the Energy Transfer Crude Oil Company, LLC has pushed for economic benefits as the Native Sioux Tribe, of North Dakota continues to fight for the protection of their lands and resources. This issue has remained under constant debate in the environmental and political world.
The Dakota Access Pipeline has positively impacted the United States economy. The company, Dakota Access, LLC, has provided over 10,000 jobs for working class citizens in the United States. In addition, the pipeline has produced an estimated $156 million in sales and income tax revenues to the U.S government. Over $55 million generated for the pipeline states, including North Dakota, South Dakota, Illinois, and Iowa. Finally, $189 million in direct payments for easements. Clearly infrastructure plays a significant role in the United States economy. The U.S relies on it to grow and maintain energy networks and corporations. Some individuals take new job opportunities for granted. Mark Green, a blogger from Energy Tomorrow, states, “these are more than dollar amounts and numbers…each job is the economic lifeline for an individual and/or family, thousands of them”, (Green) to illustrate the struggle United States citizens have to find work and provide for themselves and their families. This pipeline is an open door for opportunity to the citizens of the United States.
Individuals will fight against this pipeline. Local citizens believe it is an intrusion on native lands that should remain untouched. Others have the right to their own opinion and have voiced their concerns. However, the remarkable number of jobs given to U.S citizens along with increasing tax revenues justifies the implementation of this great pipeline.
Oil transportation through pipeline is the safest method of natural oil transportation in the United States. Advancements in modern technology include stronger pipeline material as well as detector technology within the pipeline. According to the Dakota Access, LLC website, “all active pipelines across the country are carefully regulated by state and federal safety standards to provide critical infrastructure for energy development.” (DAPF) In 2014 there was over 800 reported fatalities by transporting crude oil by rail road as compared to seven reported fatalities by transporting oil through pipeline. Natural crude oil transported into the U.S by rail road is a more dangerous method of transportation. Oil trains pose detrimental risks to communities and public health in the cases of spills, derailments, and explosions. Different energy corporations believe transporting oil by rail road is a more favorable method of transportation. Building rail terminals to handle loading and unloading is less expensive than constructing pipelines. However, a rail of 100 cars carries approximately 70,000 barrels of oil over the course of three days. In contrast, oil pipelines, such as the Keystone Pipeline, carries 830,000 barrels of oil per day. The larger number of barrels by pipeline puts pressure on rail transports to expand, including more cars per train. This is the result of increased oil train wrecks in the United States. Protection over our workers and environments is the first priority when implementing new energy infrastructure. Modern pipeline technology will extinguish any potential hazards to the United States citizens and natural resources.
North Dakota citizens fear their drinking water becoming contaminated through a potential oil spill from the Dakota Access Pipeline. Protestors worry the pipeline will rupture under the Missouri River, contaminating the water supply. Conversely, advancements in pipeline technology will detect any potential irregularities within the pipeline that will be resolved. Furthermore, the Dakota Access, LLC carefully regulates all active pipelines by state and federal safety standards to protect natural resources and public health.
The implementation of the Dakota Access Pipeline will give the United States independence over global oil trading networks. The U.S imports almost half of its natural crude oil from different countries across the world. The United States is the worlds-third largest crude oil producer, but only part of the nations petroleum need is met by crude oil production. When the Dakota Access Pipeline is constructed, it will transport approximately 470,000 oil barrels per day with a capacity as high as 570,000 oil barrels per day. As the U.S produced 7.5 million barrels of crude oil per day in 2013, it still imported 7.7 million barrels per day in order to meet consumer demands. This pipeline will answer the United States consumer demands and close the gap between U.S production and consumption levels. When the Dakota Access, LLC, website states, every barrel of oil produced in the United States directly displaces a barrel of foreign oil,” (DAPF) to demonstrate the benefits of domestic oil production and the separation from foreign trade. The United States continues its progress of becoming one of the global leaders in natural oil energy through pipeline. It is essential to become more independent, rather than relying on outside sources.
Individuals argue the implementation of pipelines to reduce the United States reliance on foreign imports. Others suggest a greater investment in greener alternative energy to drive the United States energy demand. However, green renewable energy is not powerful enough to compensate the incredible consumer demands. When the Dakota Access Pipeline is online it will increase domestic energy production, allow the United States control over foreign imports, and give access greater oil exports.
Given these points, this pipeline cannot afford trespassers, or protestors slowing the construction process. When this pipeline is completed it will truly present benefits for the United States economy. The pipeline will create job opportunities and livable lifestyles for working class citizens. Even more, this pipeline will allow the United States independence over foreign oil imports and compensate consumer demands. Lastly, modern pipeline technology has proven safer for public health and environmental recourses as compared to other oil transportation methods.
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