Why is Laparoscopic weight loss surgery most preferred by surgeons and patients alike?

Obesity is one of the leading chronic health disorders that is increasingly causing other health complications and leading to early deaths, not only in India but across the globe. Obesity has gradually turned into an epidemic that need to be addressed properly and should be treated with utmost care. There are surgical methods of treating weight loss problems that are conducted all over by expert surgeons.

Most of the weight loss procedures are conducted through the laparoscopic method. In case of a laparoscopic surgery, a small video camera is inserted inside the abdomen that allows the surgeon to operate and view the surgery on a video monitor. Small incisions are made in the abdominal wall to insert the camera and the surgical instruments. The laparoscopic method of surgery of weight loss uses the same rules as the method of an open surgery and produces the same results. However, in comparison to open method of surgery, there are certain benefits of undergoing a laparoscopic way of weight loss surgery.

Undergoing a modern Laparoscopic weight loss surgery involves short stay at hospital (maximum of 24–48 hours) and the ability to recover faster and return to work in less than a week’s time. There are practically no wound related complications that may be found and the surgery is relatively pain free. The scars that remain are about ½ to 1 ½ cm in length. Laparoscopic surgery ensures less complications compared to other surgeries. The most important advantage is that it helps in improving the overall quality of life.
The risks involved with this type of surgery for weight loss treatment may vary according to the procedures performed. The side effects that may be witnessed include restriction of eating small meals for indefinite period, vomiting occasionally, hair loss in minor amounts, occasional constipation, sagging skin and deficiency of essential nutrients if the supplements are stopped.

It should be kept in mind that laparoscopic weight loss surgery is not a cosmetic surgery and the decision to undergo this surgery should only be taken after evaluating the risks that may vary according to individuals. The benefits should also be evaluated. The success of any weight loss surgery is dependent on the long term modifications in lifestyle including in diet, exercise programs and behavior.

The Laparoscopic Roux en Y Gastric Bypass surgeons, when they operate, staple in order to create a small upper stomach pouch that will lead to early satisfaction when small meals are consumed. In this procedure, the gastric bypass surgeon bypasses an essentially large part of the stomach and small intestine in order to let the food and the digestive juices mix with each other distally. This leads to reduced and delayed absorption of the nutrients and calories. This type of laparoscopic weight loss surgery requires hospitalization of two days and recuperation time of four days.
Patients who have undergone the gastric bypass surgery has shown loss of about 77 percent of excess body weight after one year of surgery and according to some studies, patients have maintained about 80 percent of body weight loss.