According to research, NGINX is the most used web server , taking up 36% of the whole share, many developers are conformable with Apache including me, Apache have been most used web server before the new invasion of Nginx. Most people is still baffle with why Nginx over apache?

Before we go further let’s explain Nginx:

Nginx is an Open Source HTTP and Reverse Proxy server, which can be deploy on any server either in the cloud or physical server.

Nginx is built to offer low memory usage and high concurrency. Rather than creating new processes for each web request, Nginx uses an asynchronous, event-driven approach where requests are handled in a single thread.

it was created by Igor Sysoev in 2004 and populary called “engine-x”

Nginx have many cools features which make it more preferable over other web servers

Some common features seen in Nginx include:

Reverse proxy

A reverse proxy is a server that sits in front of web servers and forwards client (e.g. web browser) requests to those web servers. Reverse proxies are typically implemented to help increase security, performance, and reliability.

Load balancing

Nginx can provide a load balancing solution which will distribute the incoming traffic evenly among the different servers to prevent any single server from becoming overloaded. it also prevent downtime on a particular site, where one server is down other servers can back up immediately without the user noticing.

Web Acceleration

Nginx provide Caching and compression of data with optimizations to provide a better user experience.

Web Application Protection — Nginx provide a firewall called “web application firewall “(WAF) which can protect applications from well-known and emerging threats

Other features are listed below:

  • FastCGI support with caching
  • WebSockets
  • TLS/SSL with SNI

In summary Nginx (engine-x popularly called) is a very popular web server, it powers most powerful and trafficked websites today.

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