Rearing Sheep with Goat in Nigeria
A well-drained land with a stocking density of 15 animals per hectare.
• West African Dwarf (Local)
• West African Dwarf (Local)
• Red Sokoto (Maradi)
To start a herd, get male animals of above a year of age with wide deep
chest, well-sprung ribs, and strong hindquarters. A buck can serve 20 does.
A doe should have at least two pairs of teats.
• Build a house with either bamboo or mud with thatched roof. Space
required is about 2 sq. m. per animal. House should be open on one
side. Walls up to 1.2 m on the other three, with a gap of 0.5 m to 0.8 m
between the walls and roof, to provide sufficient ventilation without
• Housing could be on raised floor made of bamboo with the thatched roof
covering mid-way into the pens on both sides. Space could be as above.
• Fencing: Leguminous fodder trees like Gliricidia sepium and Leucaena
leucocephala should be planted around the edges of the paddock to
form a solid fencing and browse plants for the animals. Slatted bamboo
or barbed wires can be used to complete the fencing.
A quarantine period of 30 days should be observed in bringing freshly
purchased animals into a flock. This gives ample time for observation and
attack by any disease. Animals of about 15 months of age or 12 kg (about
half weight of bag of livestock feed) should be purchased. They should be
bought from the villages rather than the market. The incidence of pestes des
petitis ruminants (PPR) or “Kata” a rinderpest-like viral disease is rampant
whenever goats from different sources are gathered in the local markets
for sale. Animals are dipped in gammatex or supona solution twice in two
weekly intervals. From the first day and for a period of 4 days, the animals
should be administered with triple sulphonamide, like theracazan. On the
first day of arrival in the farm, they should be immunized with rinderpest hy-per-immune serum followed by vaccination with tissue culture rinderpest vaccine (TCRV) on the 11th day. On the 3rd and 24th days of arrival, they should be treated with broad-spectrum anthelmintic e.g., thiabendazole. In the
absence of veterinary drugs, newly purchased animals should be watched
closely. If there are signs of disease, such animals should be temporarily
culled. If the disease persists the animals should be disposed off.
Feed adult animals with hay or crop residue free choice plus legume hay at 1–2 kg/animal/day. Maize, soyabean, cowpea, millet or sorghum straws
obtained after harvesting can be collected, treated and given to the animals
free choice. Dissolve about 0.5 of ash made from cocoa pod husk or 1kg
ash from palm bunch into a bucket of water to make a lye solution. Soak as
much of the straw as possible into the solution and leave it overnight. Feed it straight the next morning or dry for some few hours before feeding, to in-crease intake. Animals can then be allowed to graze or browse afterwards.
For pregnant does, and freshly weaned animals, it may be necessary to
feed some concentrate consisting of 40% wheat offals, 25% brewers’ dried
grains, 25% palm kernel mean, and 10% cassava peels or cowpea husk,
1% vitamin and 1% salt or supplement with 200g DM of legume fodder per
day in the last 2 months of pregnancy and up to weaning at 3 months post partum.