Rearing Sheep with Goat in Nigeria

A well-drained land with a stocking density of 15 animals per hectare. 
Breeds 
SHEEP 
• West African Dwarf (Local) 
• Balami 
GOAT 
• West African Dwarf (Local) 
• Red Sokoto (Maradi) 
To start a herd, get male animals of above a year of age with wide deep 
chest, well-sprung ribs, and strong hindquarters. A buck can serve 20 does. 
A doe should have at least two pairs of teats. 
Housing 
• Build a house with either bamboo or mud with thatched roof. Space 
required is about 2 sq. m. per animal. House should be open on one 
side. Walls up to 1.2 m on the other three, with a gap of 0.5 m to 0.8 m 
between the walls and roof, to provide sufficient ventilation without 
drought. 
• Housing could be on raised floor made of bamboo with the thatched roof 
covering mid-way into the pens on both sides. Space could be as above. 
• Fencing: Leguminous fodder trees like Gliricidia sepium and Leucaena 
leucocephala should be planted around the edges of the paddock to 
form a solid fencing and browse plants for the animals. Slatted bamboo 
or barbed wires can be used to complete the fencing.

Management procedure

A quarantine period of 30 days should be observed in bringing freshly 
purchased animals into a flock. This gives ample time for observation and 
attack by any disease. Animals of about 15 months of age or 12 kg (about 
half weight of bag of livestock feed) should be purchased. They should be 
bought from the villages rather than the market. The incidence of pestes des 
petitis ruminants (PPR) or “Kata” a rinderpest-like viral disease is rampant 
whenever goats from different sources are gathered in the local markets 
for sale. Animals are dipped in gammatex or supona solution twice in two 
weekly intervals. From the first day and for a period of 4 days, the animals 
should be administered with triple sulphonamide, like theracazan. On the

first day of arrival in the farm, they should be immunized with rinderpest hy-per-immune serum followed by vaccination with tissue culture rinderpest vaccine (TCRV) on the 11th day. On the 3rd and 24th days of arrival, they should be treated with broad-spectrum anthelmintic e.g., thiabendazole. In the 
absence of veterinary drugs, newly purchased animals should be watched 
closely. If there are signs of disease, such animals should be temporarily 
culled. If the disease persists the animals should be disposed off.

Feeding

Feed adult animals with hay or crop residue free choice plus legume hay at 1–2 kg/animal/day. Maize, soyabean, cowpea, millet or sorghum straws 
obtained after harvesting can be collected, treated and given to the animals 
free choice. Dissolve about 0.5 of ash made from cocoa pod husk or 1kg 
ash from palm bunch into a bucket of water to make a lye solution. Soak as 
much of the straw as possible into the solution and leave it overnight. Feed it straight the next morning or dry for some few hours before feeding, to in-crease intake. Animals can then be allowed to graze or browse afterwards. 
For pregnant does, and freshly weaned animals, it may be necessary to
feed some concentrate consisting of 40% wheat offals, 25% brewers’ dried 
grains, 25% palm kernel mean, and 10% cassava peels or cowpea husk, 
1% vitamin and 1% salt or supplement with 200g DM of legume fodder per 
day in the last 2 months of pregnancy and up to weaning at 3 months post partum.

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