The Road to “Liberation” is Paved with Black Male Bodies— #RemakingFerguson

A Tribute to Darren “King D” Seals; Edward Crawford; Deandre Joshua; and Josh Williams

Omowale Afrika
May 15, 2018 · 13 min read
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Introduction


Black Rebellions in Post-Racial America — Hands up! Don’t Shoot!

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(UPI photo of John Smith and his attorney, Oliver Lofton)
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Left: A boy runs from National Guard troops in Newark, NJ during the 1967 riots. (From the New York Times archives) Right: A man holds his hands up as he’s confronted with police in Ferguson. Scott Olson/Getty Images


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Major American leaders of the Black civil rights movement (left to right) John Lewis, Whitney Young, Philip Randolph, M. L. King, James Farmer and Roy Wilkins, meet on March 6, 1963 in New York to organize the “March on Washington”, which would be held that August to promote civil rights. IMAGE: AFP/GETTY IMAGES
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Folk singers Joan Baez and Bob Dylan perform during a civil rights rally on August 28, 1963 in Washington D.C. (Photo by Rowland Scherman/National Archive/Newsmakers)

Chapter 1


The Physicians Warning: Urban Rebellions from 1964–1968

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The Harlem riot of 1964, or Harlem riots of 1964 occurred between July 16 and 26, 1964. It began after James Powell was shot and killed by police Lieutenant Thomas Gilligan. The second bullet of three fired by Lieutenant Gilligan killed the 15-year-old African American in front of his friends and about a dozen other witnesses. The shooting set off six consecutive nights of rioting that affected the New York City neighborhoods of Harlem and Bedford-Stuyvesant. Demonstrators carrying photographs of Lieutenant Thomas Gilligan


With the onset of automation the Negro is moving out of his historical state of oppression into uselessness. Increasingly, he is not so much economically exploited as he is irrelevant… The tremendous historical change for the Negro is taking place in these terms: he is not needed. He is not so much oppressed as unwanted; not so much abused as ignored… If he disappeared tomorrow he would hardly be missed. As automation proceeds, it is easier and easier to disregard him… Basically, 20,000,000 Negroes are unwanted. Our values inhibit genocide — so we discard them by establishing new forms of “Indian Reservations” called “Negro ghettos.”

“The growing menace in our country tonight, to personal safety, to life, to limb and property, in homes, in churches, on the playgrounds and places of business, particularly in our great cities is the mounting concern — or should be — of every thoughtful citizen in the United States.”

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© Bud Lee Archives/Life Magazine

“Unique when expressed by Malcolm X in 1964, the anti-colonial perspective now provides many militant blacks with a structured world view — and, in the case of the radicals, with a rationalization for violence.”



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