What I got from this story is an exploration of fear and change. The CEO wants to make a change but fears getting fired. As a result, nothing changes (significantly anyways) and the situation is exacerbated, which in turn fuels the fear and continues the cycle. That’s what leads to the feeling of loneliness.
Arguably, successful startups don’t have that sense of loneliness because everyone feels the same fear, the fear of the company’s extinction. When everyone feels the same fear and shares that with each other they can come together as a team and meet the challenge as one. Contrast that with the CEO’s fear of getting fired, the consultant’s fear of not getting their bonus, the employees fear of not growing their career. Their fears are more selfish, and consequently cannot unite as one to meet the challenge.