Different Types of Leaders

February 9, 2017 (2 hours)

As I mature as a leader, it is imporatant to reflect bak at the multiple leaders who I have further learned about and further analyze how they each were as leaders. Once doing that, I am able to efficiently determine which leaders I view in myself.

We must first pinpoint the various leaders we have explored in class and acknowledge how they are as individuals and leaders. We began our journey with Agamemnon. He was both a Greek army general and military commander. As he became king, his leadership skill became more apparent. I would like to classify his leadership type as a “distributor” meaning that he made it his underlining mission to assure that his followers needs were met. No matter the position, Agamemnon was able to serve as the main agent and supplier towards his followers and tried to assure their needs were met. We then spoke about Cleopatra, Antony, and Octavian; though their individual reigns in leadership intertwined with one another it is apparent that they each served differently as leaders. Like Agamemnon, Antony was also a military leader. He was also a member of the Triumvirate, which was a Roman political group composed of two other members. They successfully were in charge of everything in the Roman empire. Following Antony, we had Octavian. Octavian followed the footsteps of his former predecessors and created the second Triumvirate, which officially ended the Roman republic form of government. He essentially was the ruler of the majority of the known world. I like to view Octavian as one who remained true to himself no matter the obstacle. Unfortunately, it is apparent that at times he was blinded by love and may have been seem to make some foolish decisions in hope to cater to himself, his followers, and his lover. Though many may view him as one of the rather naive and easily persuaded leaders in ancient history, I believe that he served as a genuine and influential leader and accomplished his goals of improving those he leads as well as dying in a heroic and admirable way without having to compromise his morals. Cleopatra was the queen of Egypt. Her official role had no substantial influence on the grand scheme of the known world but she had a lot of impact on the lives of those she directly leaded. She tends to be seen as a charlatan type leader; no matter the situation she will assure herself that she will do whatever will benefit herself the best in the end. Cleopatra leaned more on the selfish side of the leader spectrum. Though she may have intended to take full responsibility of those she is leading, her actions showed that she was more concerned with taking care of herself before others. She seemed very willing to compromise her own beliefs or true feelings in order to woo the adversary to becoming her ally; an admirable skill of survival but I am not sure if I can commend her as a leader. We than spoke about Socrates, the ancient philosophical leader. Unlike the others, Socrates was more of an unintentional leader, his plans were geared more to informing and enlightening than trying to fulfill a leadership position. Instead of following the traditional route of leadership, he chose to lead through the inquiry and guidance on how to live and think well. I admire Socrates form of leadership simply because he was able to lead in a modest way. He was able to admit to both himself and the remainder of his society that he knows that he does not know and instead of trying to camouflage his ignorance with foolishness, he will just accept that he does not know. It is apparent that Socrates is one of the wisest leaders from ancient times. In fact, many like to relate to him and credit themselves for leading like Socrates. Lastly, we discussed the Spartan ways of leadership. Their type of leadership revolved around military and moral leadership; everyone in their society had a role of leadership that helped maintain the stability of the Spartan way of life. As men took their role as leader as members of the military, the women were leaders by defining masculinity and instilling moral views in the men for their times in battle. We also discussed different types of leadership methods that may be used to impact and improve others. There is the poetic method of leading which instills various the morals of a community in a creative way. Tortious, a lyrical poet, is a prime example of a leader who uses this method to lead. He mentions different important information, such as the thought of it being better for a man to fall fighting than to stand and not defend what you believe, through song as he plays the lei. We then have the law giver, these are often seen as some of the best leaders. This type of leadership is most times witnessed in first born children and those who enjoy the constitutional way of living.

February 12, 2017 (2 hours)

After viewing and further elaborating on the various types of leaders in the ancient world I took some time to do some self reflection and see who I relate the most with. I believe that I display a few attributes from, Socrates, Tortious, and the Spartans. Initially, I was more timid and unaware about my true impact as a leader. Even as a follower, I always had the mindset to almost micromanage and assure all of our goals are met and make the leader’s job easier. This helped me mature as a leader simply because I was unintentionally leading allowing me to connect with the fellow followers while being a leaders. This is referred to as the “leading up” approach, or slowly working my way up to becoming a leader while portraying leadership qualities and perforiming as a leader. I believe this is how I relate to Socrates, not only was I was I an unintentional, untraditional leader but I am not afraid to admit that I do not know everything. I am very much aware that I do not currently know anything, in fact it is guaranteed that I will never truly be able to know everything and I am fine with acknowledging and sharing that with others. It is not that I just chose to be ignorant forever but I am positive that there is always more that I can learn, new heights I can reach, and more wisdom that can be obtained. For those things that I do not know, I am willing to learn and further grow as an overall being which can bring my leadership abilities to new extremes. I believe I reflect Tortious in many ways as well. Through my leadership experiences, I’ve learned that arts, whether through music, literature, or paintings are able to help followers and leaders connect on another more intimate level. Over the time, I noticed my use in literary devices to relate to those I am leading my favorites being analogies and metaphors. I have always lead people of different ages, mental capacities, and backgrounds in order to assure that everyone is on the same page with me I use metaphors and analogies to explain what I am saying in a more simplistic and relatable way. This allows for me to “dumb things down” without making my followers feel as if I am undermining their intelligence. I also grew up with music, I believe that it is one of the few universal languages in the world. This is a different way for a leader to connect with their followers; if someone is able to relate over the rhythm, melody, and lyrics of a song they are able to see each other in a closer light than before. As for how I connect with the Spartans, I believe I exude their sternness and morals. As I have grown as a leader, I have seen that at times leaders are faced with tough decisions that can be hard to solve if not approached properly. I view tough problems and situations as prime opportunities to learn, grow, and expand my perspective on different matters. Through the years, I’ve learned that the moments where things do not go as anticipated are the ones where one can show her true potential. When an obstacle arises, it is important to remain calm and level headed and keep an open mind. With a clear mind and a willingness to hear other opinions, it is easier to dissect the problem thoroughly and rationally. After reviewing all the possible solutions, I choose the one that will best solve the issue. The Spartans made sure to make decisions while keeping their morals in mind. When faced with important decisions it is important to make a decision while asking yourself, “are your compromising your beliefs, morals, or true self in order to make a decision”? I appreciate and applaud the Spartans because even the most nurturing members in a community, mothers, were bold and almost harsh in order to make sure they instilled their morals in the youth. By incorporating different methods used by ancient leaders and modifying them to better encompass my personality and style, I have can see myself flourishing into a phenomenal leader, impactful, and influential leader.

February 14, 2017 (3 hours)

During this week’s module we discovered the impact of material culture, iconology, and iconography. Material culture is anything that we can find from former societies such as paintings, currency, alters and temples, ceramics, and architecture. When viewing different leaders through their material culture we are able to see them through different lights. Many times, items and remains from past communities are able to give us insight on how they lived and went about life. Their coins may have different figure heads on them in which we can see who they admired to the extent to honor them by placing their face on their own currency. Their various monuments, temples, and architecture allows us to see their ideal type of building construction. The type of columns, angling, and material used when they built these different building can give us a glimpse into how they believed buildings of meaning should be built in comparison to regular buildings. Iconology is the understanding of visual imagery and meaning as well as how it is interpreted especially when concerning politics. This is also apparent in modern day political terms through caricatures or over exaggerated pictures. Artists use this to show their opinions on different political candidates and moments in politics in general. This allows for an artist to display their true views on the person or subject. Through iconology, many are able to express their standpoints as a follower in regards to their leaders. This form of expression is able relatable to different followers throughout the community. Iconography is the examination of the body of art itself focusing on its symbolism and imagery along with the conventional subjects or meanings relating to the art. An example of how Romans used this in the society is through their monuments and building which are forms of art. They also used monuments to represent power, an example of this is the Ara Pacis, Altar of Peace. When viewing leaders through these three different ways we are able to gain a new perspective to their lives. The different forms of art relating or referring to these leaders give us a glimps of how the people they were leading viewed them. We are also able to see how these leaders make decisions when money is involved. The term “money talks” was referred to in this module and that is a term that can make or break a lot of leaders. Unfortunately, money is the sole corrupter of the world, even today leaders are faced with the difficult decision of compromising what they may believe in order to obtain additional funds. This exact thing happened to Howard University’s own president Frederick. This past week he was faced with the tough decision of allowing Besty DeVos, the newly elected secretary of education to visit the university and meet with him. Knowing that her arrival would lead to potential chaos in the student body, Frederick did not announce her arrival until after the fact. He is currently getting a lot of backlash from his decison because many people are upset that he would compromise the integrity of the university’s name and reputation in trade for money that is not necessarily guarenteed. As a leader, I believe that he was faced with a hard decision that took a lot of courage and wisdom to make. Many times, leaders will be forced into tough decisions that unfortunately cause for their followers to criticize and be angry with them. However, a true leader will be willing to withstand all of the negativity that their followers might throw at them in hopes to make a decision that will benefit everyone in the end.

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