Causes And Methods Used In The Treatment Of Colon Cancer
Colon is the name given to the larger intestine, which is the lowest part of the digestive system. In the colon, the water and salt are extracted from the solid waste, before the waste moves to the rectum and the body. Sometimes, the colon cancer and rectal cancer occur at the same time, and it is called colorectal cancer.
Colon cancer happens when the out of control growth of cells happen in the colon. Most colon cancers originate from the benign form of tumour that is formed on the inner walls of the colon. Some of these can become malignant cancer if the proper treatment is not done at the earlier stages during colonoscopy, in which the inner walls of the colon are tested. The colon cancer gradually will damage the nearby tissues of the tumour and spread to other areas. The cancerous cells then travel to the other parts of the body through blood and lymph systems. These cancer cells can grow in many parts of the body and they destroy the healthy part of the body.
Causes of The Colon Cancer:
There are some factors which are responsible for the colon cancer. The lifestyle issues and genetic cause are can lead to colon cancer. These are pre-cancerous polyps that are in the large intestine. There are three types of pre-cancerous polyps that can cause the colon cancer.
There are some genetic causes, which make a person more likely to develop cancer if some person is the family has or had cancer. It is possible to have the genetic fault from the birth, which may develop into cancer in later stages. The lifestyle of the people also has some impact on the possibility of the colon cancer. The people with sedentary lifestyles, smoking or tobacco taking habit and over the age of 50 are at higher risk than the persons who are young and have an active lifestyle. The diet low in fibre and high in fat, calories and processed meat and high consumption of red meat always increase the chances of the colon cancer. The other medical conditions such as diabetes, radiation treatment for other cancer types, ulcerative cancer and Crohn’s disease increase the chance of cancer.
Treatment Methods —
There are many factors which decide the Colon Cancer Treatment In Navi Mumbai and also the selection of one method or several methods. The stage of cancer, the age of the patient, overall physical health, the spread of cancer and condition of the patient decide the method used for the treatment of the colon cancer. There is no single treatment method but the use of the surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are generally used for the complete recovery.
The surgery for Colon Cancer Treatment In Mumbai involves removing the part of the intestine that is affected by cancer. Endoscopy is also used for removing the small localised cancers. The large polyps are removed through the use of several incisions in the abdomen. Chemotherapy uses the chemicals that destroy the cancer cells. The chemotherapy is used when cancer has spread to the different part of the body. There may be some side-effects like hair loss, fatigue, nausea etc. Then there is the radiation therapy, that is used with other therapies or treatments. The radiation is also used as standalone therapy.