Why India should not Attack Pakistan after Pathankot terror attack

On January 2016, heavily armed terrorists attacked Pathankot Air Force station, part of western air command of Indian Air Force. Terrorists wearing Indian Army fatigue were suspected to belong Jaesh-e mohammad, a pakistan based Islamic militant organisation. Which aims to separate Kashmir from India.

A further 6 militants attacked the pathankot airbase, 26 km in perimeter. 5 of them were neutralised till midnight of 4th Jan, extensive search operation were going on in search of sixth terrorist inside compound. This operations cost 7 security personnel lives including Lt. Col Niranjan kumar of NSG, 5 DSC (Defence Security Corps) and an Air Force Garud commando. Soon after the attack surfaces a joint operation between NSG, Air Force and police started including fighter helicopter MI 35 for search, surveillance and shoot down. More or less operation is successful, forces forbid terrorists from exploding Air force equipment and fighter plains, which was their prime aim. Some communication gap between agencies is being pointed out by political opposition, as countries intelligence successfully gathered information of attack a day before and red alert was on. still casualties are baffling.

MI-35, source : google images

Since India and Pakistan fought three wars initiated by Pakistan, India won all of them. Pakistan finally understood that it is impossible to defeat India in battlefield, so they started proxy war of terrorism with India. Pakistan has been in denial mode of proxy war from their land against India. They call them “non-state actors”. India handed over many dossiers to Pakistan proving involvement of their army and ISI with terrorists to deprave India. It feels like routine now, every time Pakistan based militants attacks India and Pakistan government denies all allegations of Indian government. Pakistan have internationally advocated for separating Kashmir from India. Former Pakistan President and retired four star army general Pervej Musharraf spoke in an interview that his government and army have started various operations with terrorists organisations against India, we support separatists in Kashmir valley. There is clear agenda of Pakistan army and ISI, who have upper hand over state government, to infiltrate Pakistan based terrorists in valley to cause resentment between two states.

Pathankot airbase , source : google images

After attack on pathankot air base, resented people across country started asking government of India to attack militant groups based on the other side of border. Pathankot attack surfaced soon after internationally welcomed stop over of Indian prime minister Narendra Modi in Pakistan on his way to Delhi from Russia and Afghanistan tour. He joined Pakistan counter part Nawaj Sharif on his birthday and family marriage. This act of Indian Prime Minister was welcomed as goodwill gesture for starting suspended bilateral talks.

Involvement of Pakistani terrorist organisations is evident in pathankot attack. There is common feeling among Indians that Pakistan will not learn a lesson until we give them befitting reply penetrating deep in their land. Every time India shows a goodwill gesture, Pakistan army supported militant group attacks India.

bulletproof carrier , source : google images

While the de-escalation should soothe the tense nerves of the international community, it is being feared that Pakistan, by raising the bogey of war, may edged out India’s concerns. By feeding fears of an imminent conflict between two nuclear-armed rivals, it has ensured that the focus would shift towards conflict prevention.

Instead of common wide consent of citizens, India should not attack Pakistan, why?
  • Short confrontation is out of question. Limited military action could easily escalate, and even if it doesn’t, what will it achieve other than making India look like the aggressor? An air strike or two may not finish the terror infrastructure in Pakistan, but will definitely create more anti-India jihadis. As Pakistan will continue to pretend it harbours no such elements, India will be the one the world will look at for restraint. This is assuming that India has the capability to mount a “cold start” attack on Pakistan. It would be far easier to secure our borders from terrorist infiltration instead.
  • India is striving hard to secure a permanent seat in UNSC (United nations Security Council). China, a rival of India and close friend of Pakistan is a permanent member of UNSC. If India fails to maintain good relation with Pakistan government, they will force China to Veto Indian seat in UNSC. hence good relation and proper bilateral talks with Pakistan are in favour of India.
  • Pakistan have nothing to lose, but India have. India is fastest growing economy in world. It is developing fast. If India carries a surgical strike in POK or other parts of Pakistan. Pakistan will take it as violation of their territory and a fresh war may start. Wars are never good for economy and sustainable development.
  • India and Pakistan are two Nuclear states. In case of war among them, frustrated Pakistan may use Nukes. Pakistan is most suspected nuke state in world which can use their nuclear weapons against India. Indian army is among strongest and toughest in world, hence it is definite that India will lead the war. Mutual allegiance between ruling party and army of Pakistan is very lanky , any of them may choose to use nukes to show their supremacy in war. The results will be devastating.
  • There are three forces acting in Pakistan as government: democratically elected government, Army and terrorist organisations. Terrorists are against bilateral peace talks, political government is in favour of Talks and Army have ambiguous stand. It is the responsibility of both side to keep talks on track and should not allow the success to agenda of terrorists. Pakistan have more responsibility as India has a clear stand that “terror and talks can’t go together”. Pakistan should act firmly against terrorism occurring from their land. They should address Indian concern transparently and justifiably. There are very weak progress over Mumbai attacks court proceedings in Pakistan, This raises doubt over their claims of fighting both “good and bad terrorism”. This needs to be stopped for free and fruitful bilateral peace talks.
Looking at the situation and condition India is only left with “Diplomacy”.Pathankot attack must not dictate India’s Pakistan Policy. India is rising as Asian Power we have international assets and diplomatic support. conflict of interests should only be solved through talks. India should use its diplomatic seniority to expose Pakistan on international forums. A full fledged war may make Pakistan disappear from world map, but it will also pull back Indian economy for decades. War cares for none.

*This article is my personal opinion. I am not an expert of International relations.

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