Incase you’ve been living under a rock, Abhijoy Sarkar is the Parachute scribe extraordinaire! He wrote a novella below to capture the action packed month at Parachute — check it out and freaking read EVERY WORD! :)
May 24th — 30th
Parachute’s Tip Room now has a gaming channel. Jason’s plant betting competition is still not off to a start since leaves haven’t sprouted yet. Congrats to OG Parachuter Toadie for completing his degree at uni this week! Victor’s trivia in ParJar was based on ancient Greece. 50k PAR were given out. Chris started an NBA Finals betting game. A ton of PAR to be won. Nilzinho’s Big Chili Race just started as well! 8 participants are betting on 8 chili plants to get to 50 cm first. All or nothing. 400k PAR pot. Jeezums
Parachute + Uptrennd brainstorm session for this week was about Big Co. entering crypto. Uptrennd’s twitter and Instagram handles have been updated. The roadmap was published this week too. Plus the first 1UP listing announcement. Here’s looking ahead to more! Birdchain’s roadmap was released this week as well. Check it out! This was followed by an AMA with the management of Birdchain. Their article on how to earn crypto is also pretty nifty for folks new to crypto. Meme Factory assets were added to the OpenSea Crypto marketplace. Woot! The District Weekly and Dev Update cover more news from the District0xverse like perfecting the infinite scroll, debugging DANK faucet etc.
Check out HYDRO’s tweet thread where they explain how their blockchain based identity solution (Snowflake) helps make Financial Services more robust. The various HYDRO whitepapers can be found on their GitHub. And here’s the team that’s making all of this possible. The Opacity closed beta was opened up for everyone for this week as the team prepares for the launch of 1.0 next week. Youtubers Bitcoin for Beginners, Crypto Revolution and CryptosRUs reviewed Opacity this week as well. The project announced a partnership with QLC Chain to work on storage solutions in communication systems. New to Opacity? Check out this quick intro. Cryzen Code Studio users, make sure to check out the latest article from Shuvro on why MACD based trades rule! There’s also a strategy attached to the article. We created a Cryzen blog on publish0x and Uptrennd as well.
Dash is now live in the Ethos Universal Wallet. Sweet! Last week’s AMA transcript can be seen here. Don’t forget to have a look at the ETHOS blockchain education course. It is a great startingpoint for crypto entrants. Fantom’s proposal to list FTM on Binance Dex was accepted. COTI announced a partnership with Fantom for research on DAG. That Martini Guy’s FTM feature video also came out this week. Also, don’t forget to check out this article on the team’s recent networking outreach in Dubai. Plus, a new article seriescalled Fantom Archive was started which focuses on the project’s “philosophy and technical architecture”. The first set of articles are based on architecture, on-chain data storage, virtual machine and distributed computing. P.S. all the literature is highly technical but detailed. The weekly aXpire burn event saw another 10k AXPR turning to dust. Rohit and my article on blockchain regulations hit the stands this week as well. We wrote it as freelancers on MatchBX. Shoutout to Victor who has conducted several trivias in aXpire (in addition to more in ParJar) to keep the community engaged. We had one this week as well.
BOMB’s Zachary Dash wrote a hugely popular article on the BOMB journey so far. Thanks a ton for the ParJar shoutout Zachary! The article was even featured on Medium. The Bombassadors program started this week. Dash also sat down for an AMA + Interview with PAC Coin and BOMB got featured by YouTuber Crypto Tips in one of her videos. Check out WednesdayCoin’s weekly airdrop post to learn about the latest updates at WednesdayClub. Complete information on the WED token should now reflect inside imToken after Mike’s resubmission. Horizon State’s token, HST, got listed on Blockbid. We had the final Financial Friday competition this week at 2gether. Sad. I know. Hopefully there will be other fun events again. 2gether crypto debit card was featured in CCN albeit with some factual errors as pointed out by Cyril. CEO Ramon’s article on the startup scene in France was also published this week. His thoughts on Satoshi’s identity were also shared in a Forbes article. Also, check out 2gether’s tweet on the latest updates in the app. That’s right, QTUM is now supported on the platform.
May 31 — June 6th
Victoria won this week’s Parena to take home a cool share of the 100k PAR pot. A redesign of Parachute was hinted by Cap this week. Tony’s Sarit Gat is leading the Big Chili Race at 21 cm with Blackbullshark’s Westlandia close on it heels at 19 cm. This week’s trivia in ParJar by Victor was on films. Winners won a total of 50k PAR! Chris announced the start of the Women’s World Cup contest in Parachute. 100k PAR pot. Woot! Clinton has added new sticker sets to the Parachute Shop. Grab yours today! Click here and here to see the collection.
The 100k AXPR monthly burn went ahead like clockwork. As we have shared earlier, MatchBX is undergoing a major design overhaul along with an entirely new arbitration mechanism with Kleros. Neat! aXpire COO Matthew Markham’s interview with fintech consultancy firm ViableMkts came out this week. Bounty0x’s distribution update talks of the recent bounty payouts while the platform update covers all developments on the product-side. Marketing enthusiasts can check out Birdchain’s latest articleon incentivised advertising tools. The ETHOS ecosystem covers a range of partnerships and tie-ups from fiat gateway to wealth management. Click here to explore the ETHOS-sphere. The community at ETHOS has also been super engaged throughout the journey. From car stickers to metal keys, ETHOS brand is being repped far and wide.
Congratulations to Parachuter Eric Bal (yes, the legendary Eric that wrote the seminal ParJar guide) for becoming an admin at 2gether. QTUM was added to the platform last week. Check out this video of paying for coffee using QTUM with 2gether. Adoption right there! Following FTM listing on Binance Dex, the bridge that allows ERC20 — BEP2 swap went live. Read more on it here. Fantom advisor, Andre Cronje sat down with Crypto Zombie to discuss crypto in a freewheeling chat. Brad Laurie summarised the chat in two parts (Part 1, Part 2). Andre was also interviewed by Michael Nye on all things Fantom. The Fantom Archive series is in its second week and the topics covered this week were Tokenomics and the research behind it. CMO Michael Chen shared the company’s governance model in an article as well. If you are keenly following Fantom’s developments, have a read of their recap for May and Technical Update. Switch’s update post which was released this week covers all that has happened in the past month at Switch — new base pairs, trading competition, airdrops etc. Also, BOMB is now listedon SwitchDex.
Opacity moved out of beta and launched v1.0 this week. The press releases for the event were published on CoinTelegraph and CryptoRadar. This was followed by reviews from Altcoin Buzz, Bitsify and Michael Nye. It even garnered a mention on the Coast to Coast AM Radio Show. Opacity announced a partnership with QLC Chain last week. They started cross promotions this week so that both communities get a chance to test each other’s platforms. Looking to buy OPQ? Check out this article by Opacity Marketing Lead Aron Hiltzik.
The revamped Parachute website was released this week. In Cap’s words, the new page “focuses on what Parachute is and how PAR fits into the Parachute universe…using it as fuel for certain transaction types and features within the app…it being something people can still earn as their first crypto and use it with friends…”. PAR got added to the ETHOS Universal Wallet. Woot! Katha reigned supreme in this week’s Parena to lay claim to 50k PAR. Gian started hosting the immensely popular Two-for-Tuesday event in Parachute from this week onwards. This week’s theme: one hit wonders. Tony continues to be in the lead in the Big Chilli Race with BlackBullShark and Sebastian jointly in the second position this week.
Trading gurus, check out this article on how to use Bollinger Band strategies to trade on the Cryzen Code Studio. The Wanchain mainnet contracts for the WandX Dex and Basket protocol were deployed this week. The roadmap over the next 2 and 6 month period was also released. Horizon State was nominated to the final stage of the Wellington Gold awards for helping evolve the city’s economy. Good Luck! If you’re doing bounties on Bounty0x, don’t forget to read the latest distribution report. Bounty0x was also added to the Dorothy dApp platform this week. Birdchain shared an early sneak peak of what’s in store along with a performance report. aXpire’s weekly update covers news from all of its products — CoinBX (Digital Shares domain registered, waitlist started), Resolvr (second phase of tech development underway), MatchBX (revamp under progress), PayBX (expected release in 3 months; in last leg of development). After the results of the Blockport STO, the team had to resize and adjust the pace of development. Check out the latest update from the project by clicking here. The team continues to look for a suitable partner/investor and has made steady progress in Blockport Pro.
It finally happened! Fantom became the first project to get listed on Binance after a Binance Dex listing. Well deserved indeed. Binance does deep dive research of all projects before listing them. They released their research report on Fantom. The report will give an idea to Binance-aspirants as to what goes on behind the scenes when a project is evaluated for listing. Crypto Briefing and Nik Patel (from Altcoin Trader’s Blog) released their studies on Fantom as well. FTM was also listed on CoinSpot this week. In its third week, the Fantom Archive series saw the publication of a simple voting contract code and a consensus mechanism for consortium blockchains (Sounds super technical. I know :p). District0x published a quarterly performance report as part of its transparency initiative. ETHOS got listed on SwitchDex this week while Cardano was added to the Ethos UW with the 1.9 update (which also includes the PAR listing as mentioned earlier).
Opacity announced a partnership with FLO Blockchain this week to work on privacy-centric communication applications. They also started a promotion program so that members from both communities could experience each other’s platforms. HYDRO was nominated as a finalist in the WealthManagement.com 2019 Industry Awards in the blockchain/crypto category. The awards function will be in September. Best Wishes! The Hydrogen Atom platform was added to the Oracle Cloud Marketplace this week. Atom provides multiple APIs for various FinTech solutions. One of its APIs, Nucleus, was also upgraded a few days later. Read about the latest update in WednesdoayClub here. It allows you to look at posts in the dApp without having to connect a wallet. This week’s Parachute + Uptrennd brainstorm sessiondelved into the one coin vs many coins debate. Remember, Lamden had won the community vote for a detailed project review few weeks back? Well, here’s the review. Enjoy!
The BOMB community started voting for a stablecoin trading pair for DDEX this week. Turns out the jury was split 50:50 between DAI and USDC. The team also put out a timely reminder to keep speculative behaviour in check. A ton of crypto influencers covered BOMB in their videos this week — Crypt0, Stokesy & Stoner Crypto Show, Crypto Zombie, MrSotko CryptoCurrency, Blockchained and Lawless Trading. Co-creator of the Occupy Wall Street movement, Micah White, has been a long time BOMB supporter. Here’s Micah’s thoughts on the recent market action. The founder’s fund and community fund of 100k BOMBs each were moved to a safe storage this week resulting in 2k BOMB tokens being burned — the BOMBening. The team also announced a 1000 BOMB giveaway contest to make informative videos on the project. Interested in discussing BOMB tokenomics? There’s a Telegram channel now specifically for this.
June 14th — 20th
ParJar crossed 100k transactions and 9k users this week. ParJar listing requests have gone through the roof! New listings can be requested through a form from now. If you have been wondering what Cap, Ice and Shawn look like, look no further. Presenting the three musketeers who are making all of this magic happen. The old Parachute logo is being phased out. Consequently the OG gear will be gone from the shop too. Don’t miss this chance to grab a piece of history while it lasts. Tony and Sebastian are now tied in the lead for this week in the Big Chili Race. We had two trivias this week in ParJar — movie quiz by Sophie with a 90k PAR pot and art trivia by Victor with a 50k PAR pool. Seeing a surge in moontalk in the official groups, Parachuters started an unofficial price discussion channel. And finally, congratulations to Clinton, Chris, Andy and Tony for becoming the latest admins in Parachute! Woot woot!
As the Hydro Pay app nears public release, here’s a closer look at what the platform will be like. On the biz dev front, Hydro has started looking for candidates to help in enterprise sales. Let them know if you’re interested. Catch up on the latest at aXpire from their weekly update series. 3.75% of the total AXPR supply is now locked into the aXpire Prime program. Wow! Don’t forget to mark your calendars for the ETHOS + Voyager AMA on the 9th of July. Check out another gem of an article for marketeers by Birdchain — reaching your target audience without using adwords. The OPQ token was listed on Mercatox this week with an ETHand BTC pairing. Opacity CEO Jason Coppola wrote an article about exciting upcoming features on the platform.
After last week’s voting tie for a stablecoin pair for BOMB on DDEX, a flash voting resulted in DAI being the winner over USDC. The first ever BOMB rap song is out. Super catchy! The BOMB community continues to do various experiments and analysis of the project. Community member Benjamin Cowen analyses tokenomics in detail for various cryptocurrencies. Check out his report and video on the history of BOMB and its token metrics. Very neat! Another community member buried 31 BOMB tokens to be unearthed 25 years from now. ParJar has been a big part of the BOMB journey so far. We appreciate the shoutout! The global ambassador program was also announced this week. Get your entries in quick! CoinBureau’s review of Fantom came out. FTM got listed on MXC Exchange. Fantom also announced their first community event — an infographic and infogif contest. Tons of FTM to be won. Did you also know that Fantom was nice enough to open source the ERC20-BEP2 bridge they built for the FTM token migration? Read more about it here.
Horizon State’s monthly recap summarises all that has been happening in June for HST. The token is also in the running to get listed on AirWire. Go vote if you want to see them win. The team revealed that they are working with the New Zealand government on a community engagement project. Yay for adoption! Founder Nimo also appeared for an interview with Nugget’s News this week. 2gether released a promo video that explains simply what the platform is all about. Check it out! Dash was added to the platform this week and Coindesk covered the news. The 2gether referral program is live now. Invite friends to get 100 2GB each. The first thousand joinees (or, founders) will be invited for a beer with CEO Ramon. Cheers! Took part in the COTI bounty on Bounty0x? Then the Transparency Report will interest you. The weekly distribution report shares details on other bounty payouts through the week. The WandX Dex will allow staking and lending in addition to trading and storage services in the near future. Read more about it here. Hope you had the chance to attend Shuvro’s masterclass this week on using Machine Learning for trading cryptocurrencies on Cryzen. The team has put out a questionnaire to help improve the latest phase of development. They are also more active on Discord now.
June 21st — 27th
This was the biggest week at Parachute yet. So we will need multiple paragraphs for Parachute in this update. It has been a long time coming. PAR got listed on CoinMarketCapand we are super stoked about it! Some of the factors that led upto the listing were — 80k BOMB tokens tipped aroundin ParJar in 29k tips and Weekly ParJar user chart going parabolic. Thanks once again to BOMB for the shoutout! Great chemistry indeed. This was also an appropriate time to share the Parachute story — how it all started, where we are right now and where we are headed to. One step at a time towards #cryptoforeveryone. What a journey! Also, Cap published the PAR tokenomics article for anyone wanting to see how it will move around in the Parachute ecosystem.
The CMC listing called for a celebratory Parena. And glorious it was! Blood was spilled, alliances crushed and in the end Marcone stood victorious. He took home 150k PAR from a 525k PAR pot. Still not sure how Parena works? Well, TTR folks got your back. Community members from the tip room made some amazing Video Tutorials on Parena. Click here to check them out! ParJar turned into trivia central this week with Victor, Ian (props to Rene for sticking with “Picasso” for every answer in the art quiz. Lol), Afful and Sophie hosting back to back quizzes. A total of 245k PAR were given out. Say what! This week’s two-for-Tuesday theme was cover songs.
Sebastian had taken the lead in the Big Chili Race in the middle of the week, only to be beaten by Tony (again!) by the end of the week at 38 cm. The ultra hots breached 20 cm just this week. Gian announced the start of the Big Brother 21 contest with a 240k PAR pot. BB fans assemble! Watch out for updates from GC in Parachute. Facebook just announced the Libra cryptocurrency project and we had to get in on that discussion. Right on cue, this week’s Parachute + Uptrennd brainstorm session was based on how Libra would impact crypto.
New feature alert on ParJar: type /price and then coin/token ticker to get current price statistics in USD (Eg. /price PAR) OR, type /price then coin/token ticker and then a representing coin/token/currency ticker (any one between BTC/ETH/LTC/XLM/XRP/BCH/CAD/EUR/GBP/PLN/RUB) to get price statistics in representing currency (Eg. /price PAR ETHto get price statistics of PAR in ETH) [P.S. It is recommended to use the /price function in PM with the bot to avoid spam]. Oh and did I mention that ParJar tip confirmation messages now include the tipper as well? This will help keep an audit trail of tips should it be required. Also, check out the revised Parachute 101 Doc. It is a whitepaper/roadmap/plan/technical documentation/pitch deck all rolled into one. Can’t get simpler than that. For ParJar support issues, we have a specific channel now to handle individual cases. Plus, there’s new Parachute swag in the Parachute Shop now. Thanks Clinton!
Whew! And we are not done yet. This was just Parachute news. For partner news, keep reading! aXpire is now integrating with Binance Chain to create a BEP2 version of AXPR for trading on Binance Dex. Woohoo! Remember, we had mentioned that Fantom was open sourcing its ERC20-BEP2 bridge? Well, that’s what’s helping aXpire get to BEP2. Thanks Fantom! The ERC20 version of the token will also continue to exist and this is not a token swap. Just a means to be able to trade on Binance Dex. aXpire aired the first ever episode of its Blockchain for Good Series which talks about use of blockchain in humanitarian aid. The project got a detailed feature on SS Connection’s video this week. The team wasn’t even aware until a community member pointed it out. Spanish speakers, enjoy! aXpire also attended the Crypto Evolved conference hosted by Viable Mkts this week. Don’t forget to check out the detailed piece by CardRates that covers the various enterprise solutions offered by aXpire.
BOMB token was listed on Switcheo this week in a Flash Listing. What this means is if BOMB trade volumes are sustained over a month, the listing will be permanent. One cool feature of Switcheo is that you can create OTC deals on it. Heard the BOMB Theme Song yet? A community member made a super catchy one. Listen in here. BOMB core developer Austin sat down for an interview with Crypto Lifestyle this week to delve into the project and talk all things BOMB. The BOMB Video contest is on full swing with terrific entries in already. Check out this tweet thread to watch some of them. CoinsOnFire’s review of BOMB is up too. Have a read! And finally a big one. Founder Zachary Dash’s tete-a-tete with Occupy Wall Street co-founder Micah White is out now.
Horizon State was featured in a list compiled by researcher Ellis Jones covering the various ways blockchain was creating social impact. Founder Nimo also shared his observation this week (in his weekly “Good Dickens” message) that sales calls to countries for their elections are proving to be futile and expensive. “Instead, we are now targeting companies and other entities who need relatively lower-stake votes….The plan is to get a good number of happy customers — so that any subsequent sale becomes a bit easier”. Sounds like a great plan! Like always, the District Weekly and Dev Updateprovide ample news from District0x. Similarly Bounty0x’s Distribution Report and Product Update should be of interest to bounty hunters and BNTY fans. Switch’s ESH token got listed on Instantbitex this week. ETHOS is now listed on Simple Swap and Change NOW. And Birdchain’s BIRD token was listed on P2PB2B exchange.
Hydro founder Matthew Kane travelled to Tel Aviv this week to speak at the FinTech Junction Conference on Digital Transformations in the Banking sector (click here for pics). Check out Mark Anstead’s quick intro videos on Hydro products and Hydro Pay. The team also announced the start of a video contest this week for some cool HYDRO up for grabs. Check out the deets here. The Hydro Pay platform also has some pretty cool referral bonuses. If you haven’t seen them yet, have read of this article for a quick lowdown. The Opacity 101 article came out this week. It’s a comprehensive guide to get started using the platform from scratch. Plus, Tim made a cool new bot to share Opacity Gift Codes with each other. Captain Parachute here. If you’re reading this far I think that’s awesome. Here’s a private key with 50,000 PAR. Hope you’re the first one to find it! a8498cac322e925a3971b9e134f 35ed9c784 f55a22d879 ea8eaacafcc3ad5c80. Back to it..There are 8 codes in the article but they are probably all redeemed by now. Fantom’s push for transparency has already seen tie-ups with Messari and Binance (V label). In line with this, the project also partneredwith Xangle. CMO Michael Chen has been travelling this week to speak about Fantom — at Blockchain Expo and ZKLux#1. Reflecting on the Binance listing, the Fantom team listed their top takeaways in this tweet thread. KuCoin moved FTM to its KuCoin Plus Trading Area which is the exchange’s own curated list of top projects. Woot! Weiss Ratings’ review of FTM was also published this week. Check it out! Fantom’s infographic contest has been seeing some stellar entries already. Click here to check an absolute stunner. And finally, the Wednesday airdrops have now started on the WednesdayClub dApp. Get in on it!
June 28th — July 4th
ParJar crossed 10k users this week (with 120k total transactions till now). The growth is real! PAR got listed on Mercatox as well. The first Cex listing. Woot! Remember how well researched Benjamin’s BOMB metrics reports were? You are in for a treat. He made a deep dive report on the PAR token metrics as well. Enjoy! CoinsOnFire’s review of Parachute is out too. Have a read! Cap’s Parachute journey article was translated to Spanish by Roberto. The milestone items for July are pargas, new projects, more coverage. Cap announced a competition to design a logo for the Parachute News/Announcement channel. Tons of solid entries. 300k PAR were given out to the top picks. Pedro’s logo was simple yet clear in its message and was the winner of the comp with it becoming the Ann channel logo.
The latest ParJar feature allows you to see price of any coin/token/USD/CAD/EUR/GBP/PLN/RUB amount to another coin/token/USD/CAD/EUR/GBP/PLN/RUB. So if you want to see price of 5000 PAR in AXPR or USD, just type /convert 5000 PAR AXPR or /convert 5000 PAR USD. Try it out in PM with the bot. Ketan won this week’s Parena and laid claim to the lion’s share of the 100k PAR pot. Victor’s trivia this week in ParJar was on Animals. 10 questions, 50k PAR. Dayum! Ian hosted an art quiz in ParJar as well. Another 50k PAR given out. The OG Parachute items were finally phased out of the parachute shop this week. Check out the latest gear that arrived in the shop.
aXpire submitted its proposal to be listed on Binance Dex this week. The 100k monthly AXPR burn can be tracked here. Weekly update video is up as well. Have a look. Co-Founder of Huddl, Vishal Karir, wrote about BOMB as deflationary gold in an article on scarce assets. Jason Choi, researcher at The Spartan Group, talked about two “fascinating & underexposed economic experiments in crypto” in a tweet thread this week. One of them was BOMB. Benjamin’s latest BOMB Report is out as well. You can also watch him elaborate on it in this video. Remember, the BOMB video contest that has been ongoing for a few weeks now? Here’s a compilation of 100 submissions. The winners have been selected. A new market stats dashboard will be going livesoon. And finally, don’t forget to mark your calendars for July 15th. Zachary will be announcing the next big step for BOMB.
Horizon State was featured in the blockchain showcase series by Micky News with a detailed background on the project and where they are heading. HST got added to the FlashCoin mobile wallet and its P2P marketplace. The Hydro Pay app’s official video was released this week. Plus, check out the latest app updates here, here and here. The project was also covered in a publish0x article about 3 promising projects in H2 2019. HYDRO has taken the lead in a vote-for-listing competition to get listed on ChangeNOW. Read more about DeFi and how Molecule is a positive force in the DeFi space in Hydro’s article. In District0x-verse, read up on the latest from the District Weekly. Meme Factory’s newest meme contest is underway. Hearthstone fans, don’t forget to catch the gameplay recording of Game of Memes (which uses Meme Factory assets for game cards). Project Manager Alexander wrote about the journey of Meme Factory so far in his blog article.
Fantom’s FTM token was listed on OKEx, OKEx Korea and Bittrex International this week. If you’ve been living under a rock for the first half of 2019, CMO Michael Chen’s got your back. His half yearly recap article covers all things Fantom. Michael’s presentation at ZKLux#1 was featured in Sikoba’s blog post. PaperCoins’ review of Fantom was published this week. Check it out! The team also had an AMA with the latest partner, Xangle. Click here for the transcript. Opacity (and Hydro Pay) were added to dApp browser on dapp.com. June recap for Opacity was out this week. Bounty hunters, have a read of the weekly Bounty0x distribution report. Bloom partnered with the platform to provide Bloom verified accounts for Bounty0x users. Bloom verified accounts are more trustworthy and hence get access to higher value bounties compared to unverified accounts.
1UP will be seeing a major burn of its tokens in the near future. Read more about the updated tokenomics here. Another project will get a chance to be reviewed in detail for free by Uptrennd. Voting started this week. Have a question to ask Enjin CTO Witek Radomski? Uptrennd will be interviewing him soon and your question could make it to the interview. The ETHOS Universal Wallet turned 1 this week. Happy Birthday! Switch’s press releases went live simultaneously on Reuters, The Merkle, Bitcoin PR Buzz, Coinspeaker, Blockmanity and ZyCrypto. ESH was listed on Mercatox and ZooomEx. One of the coolest features on Switch is the option to buy gift cards with altcoins. Catch up with the latest at Switch from their update article. In Birdchain news, get an early preview of the of the SMS feature on the app and its testing snapshots. Details of the 2gether referral program were released this week. Here’s a link for Spanish speakers.