4 Types Of Bariatric Surgery That Can Work For You
Bariatric surgery is an umbrella term for various surgical procedures that are performed to treat obesity and associated health problems. Patients who have obesity are likely to develop a number of health conditions, such as diabetes, cancer, and and cardiovascular diseases. When every non-surgical procedure fails to reduce obesity, physicians suggest any of the bariatric surgery to contain obesity. If you are considering a bariatric surgery, the post takes a closer look at four of the most popular bariatric surgery procedures used today.
1. Gastric Bypass
Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass, also known as gastric bypass surgery was first introduced in 1960. The initial operation included the creation of a large stomach pouch coupled with a loop bypass. Post surgery, it was noted that this procedure caused biliary reflux and insufficient weight loss. Subsequently, the procedure was modified to incorporate creation of a Roux-en-y limb and a smaller stomach pouch.
2. Duodenal Switch
This procedure combines sleeve gastrectomy and duodeno-ileal roux-en-y bypass operation, which results in a reduced caloric intake and absorption in patients. Duodenal switch procedure helps prevent dumping syndrome and ulcers in patients, by incorporating biliopancreatic diversion that results in both malabsorption and restriction. The surgery involves removal of most part of the stomach, so as to reduce production of the Ghrelin hormone (it regulates hunger).
3. SIPS Bariatric Surgery
Stomach Intestinal Pylorus-Sparing (SIPS) surgery has evolved primarily to address the high failure rate of other weight loss surgeries. This procedure involves retention of the pyloric valve as a functional part of the digestive system post surgery, forming a sleeve of the stomach. The revised anatomy of the digestive system helps reduce nutritional deficiencies while facilitating sustainable weight loss, and also lead to lesser post-surgical complications such as short bowel syndrome, marginal ulcers, dumping syndrome, and excess food intolerance.
4. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy was often considered to be a part of Duodenal Switch weight loss surgery. Nowadays, it is referred to as one of the premier stand-alone surgical techniques to treat morbid obesity in patients, through restrictive food intake mechanism. In Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy, the surgeon uses a 36F bougie (in most cases) reduce the stomach size by 70 to 85 percent. This, in turn, results in minimizing the volume of the stomach along with the reduction in Ghrelin levels.
Weight loss surgeries aim at treating morbid obesity, irrespective of the age of the patient. Before opting for any surgery, it is advisable to consult an experienced bariatric surgeon to identify the most beneficial procedure among the available options. Also, it is recommended to follow a pre-op diet which will prepare your body for the surgery and will also help facilitate the result.