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Medium articles have a “Responses” option after every article or post. And I’ve received my fair share of responses to my articles. Indeed I’m very happy to receive both critical and positive feedback. I also reply to nearly all responses… Or, more accurately, I reply to nearly all the responses which mention at least some of the detail in the article itself.

The problem is that I’d say that 8 out of 10 of those who “respond” (note the scare quotes) to my political articles haven’t read them. So they didn’t actually respond to the articles at all!

My guess is that, at best, such people read the title and then they emotionally responded to it. And, partly because of that quick-fired emotional response, they then very quickly glanced through the article. But, at worst, many people have clearly only responded to the title alone! …


The following words are some of the things said in a video which was posted on YouTube on the 15th of November, 2020. The video is called ‘So what exactly are white people superior at?’. The words are all spoken by black people and they’re all aimed at white people:

White people are “ignorant” and “dicks”. They “lack empathy”, suffer from “self-delusion” and indulge in “manipulation”. White people are “superior at” such things as “lying”, “pretending”, “blame”, “feeling victimised”, “cheating”, “withholding information”, “violence”, “being killers”, “stealing ideas”, “the destruction of humanness”, “insecurity”, “fear”, “letting their egos control their every move”, “congratulating themselves over shit that they’re incompetent at”, “lack of empathy”, “self-delusion”, “lying, stealing, and cheating”, “genocide”, “taking our ideas”… Indeed “white people are not superior with anything”… ad infinitum. …


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The following piece explains a particular symbolic expression (or version) of Kurt Gödel’s first incompleteness theorem. It also includes a particular expression (or example) of a Gödel sentence (i.e., “This statement is false” — this link takes you to a humorous entry!). In terms of the actual symbols used, this representation of the theorem expresses a (slight) philosophical and logical bias. So it’s worth noting that almost every symbolisation of the theorem is unique — if sometimes only in tiny detail. (In logic and mathematical logic there’s the common phenomenon of various symbolic “dialects” competing with — or simply complementing — each other.) And this representation and explanation exclude all the other details which surround the bare theorem itself. Indeed this symbolic representation alone doesn’t prove or demonstrate anything. And even when the symbols are defined or interpreted, that’s still the case. …


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i) Introduction
ii) Only Rightwingers Believe in Conspiracy theories?
iii) Marxist (Conspiracy) Theory
iv) Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories
v) Conclusion

For a long time I had a serious problem with conspiracy theories*. Almost all of them! Indeed I still do. Yet in recent years - or even in recent months! - the terms “conspiracy theory” and “conspiracy theorist” have become omnipresent. It seems that far too many people have started throwing these terms around like confetti. (*I’ve written five articles on the subject — all with a basically negative slant on conspiracy theories and conspiracy theorists. See, for example, my People’s Politics Determines Their Conspiracy Theories’ and ‘Conspiracies vs. …


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Terrible news has just come in about the tragic death of Edith Tanner. Due to the pandemical Covid-n-n-n-n-19, Edith died at the young age of 105. She was suffering from brain cancer, severe respiratory problems and lung disease at the time of her death… And she’d also been shot through the head five times and then run over by two artic lorries just before dying of Covid-n-n-n-n-19.

So what should we do to save the world from the Great Covidation? How should we rid our nice world of this Terrible Plague?

I believe that the lockdowns should be a lot severer and far more all-encompassing than they now are. I believe that the universe itself should be locked down. I also believe that God Himself should wear a mask and self-isolate. Indeed I believe that everyone should stay at home for — at the very least!— then next 50 years. And anyone who doesn’t stay at home should be put in the Gulag and medically experimentally upon in the hope of finding a vaccine to cure this terrible problem of life — Death. …


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“The paradise offered by the culture industry is the same old drudgery.” ― Theodor W. Adorno

“When I made my theoretical model, I could not have guessed that people would try to realise it with Molotov cocktails.” — Adorno

“The distinction between true and false consciousness, real and immediate interest still is meaningful… Men must come to see it and to find their way from false to true consciousness, from their immediate to their real interest. They can do so only if they live in need of changing their way of life…” — Herbert Marcuse (from his book, One-Dimensional Man)

Two definitions of “false…


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Penrose in 2011 (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

Roger Penrose is not only a mathematical physicist: he’s also a pure mathematician. So it’s not a surprise that Penrose expresses the deep relation between mathematics and the world (or nature) in the following way:

“[T]he more deeply we probe the fundamentals of physical behaviour, the more that it is very precisely controlled by mathematics.”

What’s more:

“[T]he mathematics that we find is not just of a direct calculational nature; it is of a profoundly sophisticated character, where there is subtlety and beauty of a kind that is not to be seen in the mathematics that is relevant to physics at a less fundamental level.” …


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The first Stalinist Show Trials of the Trump Accountability Project are under way.

… Obviously, my use of the words “Show Trials” is indeed (only slightly) rhetorical. That’s because, strictly speaking, only states or governments can carry out show trials. However, my term is far, far less rhetorical than calling Donald Trump a “fascist” and the United States “a white-supremacist state” — as many do. In any case, The Trump Accountability Project (or those responsible for it) would institute literal show trials had it the “state power” (as Leftists put it) to do so. As it is, only the Project itself is Stalinist.


Can a substance still be water if it doesn’t contain H₂O molecules?

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Photo by Ethan Sykes on Unsplash

Water is a natural kind which brings with it many problems. These problems have been debated many times in - mainly analytic - philosophy.

One main focus in this debate has been on the differences between water’s “microscopic” (or “microstructural”) properties and its “macroscopic” properties. More specifically, there’s been some kind of philosophical opposition that has been made between the molecular microstructure of water and its “classical” (or macroscopic) properties. Added to that (though related to macroscopic properties) is the emphasis which has been made on our phenomenological (or phenomenal) experiences of water.

Even those who accept that there are natural kinds still acknowledge some of the things which are considered natural kinds today weren’t taken to be hundred years ago (or even more recently). Yet facts like that alone don’t give one a reason to be skeptical about the reality of natural kinds. Take mathematics as a similar case. Mathematicians believe that there are determinate answers (or “solutions”) to mathematical “problems” even if in the past mathematicians have sometimes got the answers wrong or we don’t have the correct answers today. Similarly, even if we make mistakes about natural kinds; surely they must still be real. …


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Image from Unsplash.

He awoke to those returning from work.
Lying there, in life’s clever time-killer.
All swaddled in mouldy blankets —
Easy means to snuff out each day.
The curtains blocked out the light...
And the blankets… the rest.

Another day to line up against the rest.
Lined up since his loss.
Now forward into old age.
Day after insipid day
Merges like a feeble wave.

No vision.
No hope.
No new day for him.

Is it today again?

© Paul Austin Murphy 2020

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