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By the end of 2014, Venezuela’s economy was boosting like never before. After former president Hugo Chávez died from disorders brought from cancer, vice-president Nicolás Maduro took office on 19 April 2013. As crude oil prices increased (in June 2014 they reached US$ 111.38), Venezuela saw a horizon of continued prosperity and progress. The 2014 GDP ended up in current US$ 482 billion, a 30% growth in comparison to 2013’s US$ 371 billion. In this way, Venezuela was the most prosperous country in Latin America. Life expectancy finally reached 74 years by 2013 and the lowest level ever of infant mortality rate was reached in 2011 with 14.3 …


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Pacifist leaders have been symbols of resilience and resistance throughout history. Mahatma Ghandi pursued India independence by political means and peaceful demonstrations, as illustrated by the Salt March (Satyagraha) in March 1930. His imprisonment made him a martir against the British Raj, whose domain at Southern Asia started to crumble towards public rebellion. His efforts awarded him many accolades, and his omission for the Nobel Peace Prize was regretted by later members of the Nobel Committee. Despite controversies regardind its personal life, Ghandi remains as one of the most known and iconic leaders in history.

Nelson Mandela awarded the Nobel Peace Prize together with Frederik Willem de Klerk in 1993 for their struggle for a peace termination of the apartheid, as well for “laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa". Mandela fought with the early armed movement ANC (African National Congress), but turned to a more peaceful and organized activism until his arrest and consequent freedom to become the most popular president in the world. He sought reconciliation between white and black South Africans without any punishment or revenge directed to the opressor groups. Even 5 years after his death and hated by some alt-right movements, he still remains as one of the most respectable politicians in the world and surely will be regarded as an important and well-known image in the decades to come. …


In times of fake news, hoaxes, rumors, hearsays and post-truth, the mankind is appealing more to emotions rather than rational trustful data basis.

It may seem arrogant to start a publication in this way, giving a whole generalization of the entire mankind saying we are all becoming morons. But it may describe in the right way a bunch of ignorance we are faded to if we continue to turn our heads to the other side to avoid the pain as reality comes to hit us in the face.

As we have at least twelve thousand years circling this globe (and I hope the Flat Earth Society isn’t reading this), we never got so much access to information as nowadays. But either with this amount of news and widespread of ideas, our consciousness and discernment’s clockwise roughly turns back as we seem to have no insight or proper judgement for what we see and what we read. …

Pedro Paulo Batista Brandstetter

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