An Ultimate Essay Writing Guide for Students

11 min readNov 10, 2022
Essay Writing Guide
Essay Writing Guide — MyPerfectWords

High school and college students have to write a lot of essays. An essay is where you explain your thoughts on one topic in an organized way. To write an essay, think of the main idea and then talk about how it relates to the topic.

When writing an essay, make sure that the plan comes before you start writing your essay. This will help you organize everything, so it makes sense.

You need to read, research, and analyze what other people say about this topic to form your own opinions.

Follow the steps given in this blog and ensure an A+ on your essay.


What is an Essay?

The Essay Writing Process

Different Types of Essays

Essay Writing Format

Essay Writing Examples and Samples

Essay Writing Topics

Best Essay Writing Tips

Get Help From a Professional Essay Writing Service

What is an Essay?

An essay is a piece of writing addressing a single subject matter. It is typically written to inform and persuade the reader about an idea or explain an event. as with the case of descriptive and reflective essays.

If you are a student, the most common assignment is a 500-word essay that you will most likely deal with.

Essays are short writing pieces. These help the students in working on their skills like close reading, analysis, persuasion, compare and contrast, and clarity.

They encourage the students to develop critical thinking skills. Being short and concise in nature, they offer less room for the students to go astray. The skills gained as a part of essay writing help the students with their future and much bigger writing assignments.

The Essay Writing Process

The essay writing process consists of the following stages:

  • Preparation

An essay writing is based on original research, analysis, and interpretation. It can be a bit overwhelming for the students, especially if they are new to writing. Here is a step-by-step guide to plan your essay and complete it successfully.

  • Understand the Assignment

To complete an essay successfully, a student needs to gain a thorough understanding of the topic, requirements, and assignment instructions. Here are some tips that can help:

  • Read it a number of times and look for anything confusing that you might need to clarify with your instructor.
  • Identify the purpose of your assignment, length specification, required format, and the method of submission.
  • Choose a Topic

There are several ways to come up with an idea for your essay. Whether you prefer to brainstorm ideas or get help from your professor, do everything ahead of time.

You can also try freewriting to choose a topic for your essay. It involves taking a broad topic idea and writing on it until you identify anything relevant that could be interesting.

Once you have decided on the main idea, narrow it down and select the topic that is:

  • Interesting
  • Original
  • Possible to research
  • Fulfills your assignment requirements
  • Conduct Initial Research

After deciding on the topic, conduct initial research. For this purpose, you can use different sources like books, journals, and reliable websites. In this way, you will not miss any important information that might be helpful to establish your point.

  • Develop the Thesis Statement

Develop a clear and strong thesis statement. It is the central point of your argument, and it is essential for a well-written essay. Keep referring back to it when writing your essay.

  • Create an Essay Outline

Create an outline based on your topic and the research you have conducted. This will make the writing process easier and much quicker.

  • Writing

Follow your essay’s outline throughout the essay writing process. Divide the researched details into introduction, main body, and conclusion and work on it individually.

  • Revise and Edit

Editing the document approximately takes as much time as producing the first draft of the essay. The purpose of editing is to ensure that the essay is as accurate as possible.

Some writers edit the document as they write. Some writers prefer to save the editing process once they are done with the writing. No matter what option you choose, consider the following:

  • Make sure the essay completes every task that you have mentioned in the outline.
  • Check for the logical connection between paragraphs and sections.
  • Is there a topic sentence in each body paragraph?
  • Do the supporting details fit the topic sentence?
  • Look for redundancies in phrases, clauses, and sentences. If the sequence of words is repeating information, remove it.
  • Make sure to provide evidence from credible and reliable sources.
  • Make sure you have provided clear transitions to help your readers follow your essay easily.

Once you are done with writing, leave the document for a day or two. After that, proofread the entire paper for the final time. In this way, you can look at the paper with a new perspective.

Different Types of Essays

There are different types of essays that you write as a student. The content and length for each type may vary depending upon the subject, level of difficulty, and specific course.

However, all essays share the same goal of persuading readers through solid arguments and evidence.

Here are the types of essays you will encounter during your studies:

Descriptive Essay

The purpose of writing a descriptive essay is to provide a vivid picture of the selected person, object, location, or event. This type of writing provides all the details enabling the readers to imagine the presented topic itself.

Narrative Essay

A narrative essay is an important academic essay that describes a certain course of events from a subjective viewpoint. Narrative essays are written in the first-person perspective and do not necessarily follow a chronological order.

When writing a narrative essay, you may consider it as storytelling. This type of essay is often based on personal experiences allowing students to express their stories in a creative way.

Expository Essay

An expository essay is a type of academic essay in which a student investigates an idea. It involves analysis and evaluation of evidence to come up with a solid argument.

To write an expository essay, the writer must have extensive knowledge of the subject. There is no scope for the writer’s emotions and feelings in an expository essay.

Argumentative Essay

In an argumentative essay, the writer uses solid evidence and examples to convince the readers of their viewpoint. For writing an argumentative essay, explain why your point of view makes sense and why readers should agree with you.

Persuasive Essay

In a persuasive essay, the writer tries to convince the readers to believe in a certain idea and take action. In persuasive essay writing, it is the writer’s responsibility to convince the reader and prove his point.

Writing a persuasive essay requires good research and an understanding of both sides of the issue.

Analytical Essay

An analytical essay is a detailed breakdown of something in an understandable way. The purpose of writing an analytical essay is to explain something as much as possible. Based on it, the readers could make informed decisions and form their own opinions also.

The analytical essay is usually written about the analysis of a text, process, or idea.

Reflective Essay

A reflective essay is a type of essay in which the writer examines his/her life experiences. The writer discusses how he/she has changed or grown from those experiences.

Unlike other types of essays, a reflective essay focuses on personal experiences and does not require much research and references.

Essay Writing Format

Almost all types of essays follow a 5 paragraph essay format. It consists of an introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Compose a Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is the central argument of your essay. The aim of writing a thesis statement is to establish the purpose and position of your essay.

A perfect thesis statement is one that should briefly summarize the argument of your essay in a sentence or two. It should be concise, coherent, and contentious.

The thesis statement is most likely to change as you conduct more research on the topic. But it should serve as an effective guide for the whole writing process. Each paragraph in an essay should further develop and support this main claim.

Check out these thesis statement examples to compose a clear and perfect thesis statement for your essay.

Create an Outline

An essay outline works as a guide for the whole writing process. It helps in making writing more efficient and less time-consuming. So, creating an outline is worth dedicating time and energy to.

For an essay outline, make a list of the main points, evidence, and arguments that you will include in your essay. It is divided into sections with headings so that all the elements of an essay are planned before you begin writing.

Write the Introduction

It is the first paragraph of the essay where you will introduce your topic and the central idea of your essay. The essay introduction should grab the reader’s attention and provide an idea on which the essay focuses.

Here is the information that you need to cover in your essay:

  • Start with an attention grabber to catch the attention of your readers.
  • Some background information about the topic.
  • End the introduction with a strong thesis statement that sets up the focus and main purpose of your essay.

There are different ways that you can consider to start an essay with, also known as essay hooks. These include quotes, questions, anecdotes, etc., used in different types of essays and other research papers.

Learn more about starting writing an introduction with a different hook example for a compelling start of an essay.

Compose Body Paragraphs and Outline Your Arguments

This is the most time-consuming part of an essay that comes between the introduction and conclusion. So, the most important and crucial information will go here. There is a minimum of three body paragraphs in the body section. But the number of paragraphs can be increased according to the complexity of the selected topic.

Each body paragraph starts with a topic sentence that identifies the central idea to be discussed in the paragraph. The topic sentence is followed by relevant explanations, examples, and supporting details to explain your topic further.

Here is how you can write an impressive body section of an essay:

  1. Start a topic sentence that summarizes the main point to be discussed in the paragraph.
  2. After that, write your argument and provide supporting details to prove it.
  3. Finally, present your evidence that is in the form of quotes, facts, examples, and statistics to support your argument.

All body paragraphs should also provide transitions. These transitions are required in between the individual sentences of paragraphs and also from one body paragraph to another.

Refer to the exclusive list of transition words for essays to make connections between ideas. In this way, you can ensure a smooth flow of information, making it easy for the readers to understand.

Write the Conclusion

It is the last paragraph that summarizes the whole essay. Writing an essay conclusion takes a lot of time and is often the most difficult part to write. No matter what type of essay you are writing, here is how you can create a strong conclusion paragraph.

  • Draw a connection between the arguments made in the body paragraphs.
  • State the outcome of your arguments.
  • Focus on the relevance and significance of the thesis statement
  • Focus on providing the broader implications of the topic.

In summary, below is the most popular format for essays:

  • Introduction Paragraph
  • A Hook statement
  • Some Background information
  • Thesis statement
  • First Body Paragraph
  • A Topic sentence
  • Supporting details
  • Example(s) to prove the thesis statement
  • Second Body Paragraph
  • A Topic sentence
  • Supporting details
  • Example(s) to prove the thesis statement
  • Third Body Paragraph
  • A Topic sentence
  • Supporting details
  • Example(s) to prove the thesis statement
  • Conclusion
  • Restatement of the thesis
  • Call to action

Essay Writing Examples and Samples

As mentioned above, there are different types of essays written for different purposes.

One of the best ways to learn different types of essay writing is by reviewing essay writing samples from experts.

Essay Writing Topics

Below are some essay topics you can use for your next essay writing assignment:

  • Why should Facebook be banned?
  • Smoking in public places should not be allowed.
  • PC or Mac: which is better?
  • What are the positive and negative effects of dieting?
  • The consequences of earthquakes.
  • Globalization: Pros and cons.
  • Monarchy and its pros and cons.
  • Are people becoming technological zombies?
  • Cross-cultural marriages and racial tolerance.
  • Is online dating safe?

We have also compiled various essay topics based on their types for easy reference. Simply use the link below to select from a variety of essay topics.

  • Descriptive Essay topics
  • Narrative Essay topics
  • Expository Essay topics
  • Argumentative Essay topics
  • Persuasive Essay topics
  • Reflective Essay topics

Best Essay Writing Tips

Whether you are writing an essay for a class or a contest, it can be an overwhelming task. To ease the whole process, here are some expert tips to help you draft a successful essay.

  • Choose an interesting topic for your essay. It will help you grab the reader’s attention and pique their curiosity from the start.
  • If the length of your essay is not mentioned in the assignment instructions, keep it between 300–500 words. This is the ideal length but you can increase or decrease the length depending upon the complexity of the topic.
  • Try to write your essay in a simple and easy-to-understand language. Unnecessary and complicated writing will make it difficult for readers to comprehend your essay.
  • Make sure your essay does not contain any grammar, punctuation, or spelling mistakes. Otherwise, it will confuse and distract the readers from your paper.
  • Before writing your essay, organize your thoughts and ideas by creating a rough outline. In this way, you can ensure that you are submitting an organized and well-structured piece of writing.
  • The right balance of words and sentence structure also plays an important role in composing a readable paper. So learn the basic types of sentences and identify which type is appropriate to use in an essay.

Get Help From a Professional Essay Writing Service

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Frequently asked questions

  • When do I need to cite sources in essays?

If you are writing essays, or research papers, at the college level, it is important to cite your sources properly. Add a citation whenever you quote, paraphrase, summarize information from any of the sources. These include books, articles online/print journals, theses /dissertations, lectures, etc. You should also include full source details on a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.

  • Why is it important to add a thesis statement?

A thesis statement gives a paper direction and focus, making it easy for the reader to follow. Without one, an essay can become unfocused and confusing. This is why many essays include a clear thesis sentence near or at the beginning of each piece of writing.




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