Sleep bothered me as a kid. I hated feeling tired, but sleep felt like a waste of time. Why do we sleep at all? Even in the wild animals could easily be eaten while asleep. We could do more with 8 extra hours in our day. The feeling of waste didn’t leave me for many years. I read about lucid dreaming and learned tips on how to practice.

“A lucid dream is a dream during which the dreamer is aware that they are dreaming. During a lucid dream, the dreamer may gain some amount of control over the dream characters…

The way the general population sleeps is actually called monophasic, i.e. one phase. You go to sleep at night and don’t take any naps or second sleeps throughout the day. There are also polyphasic sleep schedules, so multiple sleeps spread throughout the day.

The advantage to polyphasic sleep is you have to sleep less than a regular sleeper and feel more rested. People have done this for years at a time (at least 6 months at a time) successfully, and some of the greatest geniuses through time are rumored to have lived this way.

What I’m going to attempt is…

A new tragedy we’re all dealing with, the death of George Floyd.

On May 25, 2020, George Floyd, an African-American man, died in Powderhorn, a neighborhood south of downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota. While Floyd was handcuffed and lying face down on a city street during an arrest, Derek Chauvin, a white Minneapolis police officer, kept his knee on the right side of Floyd’s neck for 8 minutes and 46 seconds; 2 minutes and 53 seconds of which occurred after Floyd became unresponsive, according to the criminal complaint filed against Chauvin. — Wikipedia

Security footage from nearby buildings and bystanders captured video…

A summary of learning research

by Elliott Ploutz


I took an online course from on Learning How to Learn, finishing the material on January 1st, 2016. The lecturers cover evidence based research on how to learn and master any academic concepts. This is my summary for myself which I now share. Based on what I know of learning, I highly recommend you take the course yourself to solidify your understanding, however using these tips will bring immediate benefits. The summary is 14 pages followed by references and supplemental material.

I created a deck of flashcards from the information below. You can download the deck…

Imagine you’re standing next to a lever near train tracks. The tracks split where one side is being built by five workers and the other has just one worker making some final touches. You notice a runaway trolley careening towards the five workers, but all workers are unaware. Here are the things you know with certainty:

  • If you pull the lever, the trolley will be diverted to the track with one worker.
  • Whichever track the trolley goes down it will kill all workers on that track, either the one or the five.
  • There’s no time to warn them or anyone…

Philosopher Scholar

I am a philosopher and computer scientist developing diverse content. ​ ​Please find updates on my work on my website at ​

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