Hepatitis can be considered as inflammation of the liver, which can be caused by consumption of toxic substances (alcohol and certain drugs), autoimmune diseases and other infections. In most of the cases it is caused by a virus. The most common forms of hepatitis are hepatitis A, B and C. If someone is suffering from hepatitis in the first few weeks the symptoms are not observed. The symptoms of hepatitis are poor appetite, nausea, belly pain, mild fever, fatigue or jaundice. There are no symptoms for various years when hepatitis B and C becomes chronic. But when there are warning signs after years your liver might have damaged already. Following are the most common forms of viral hepatitis:
Hepatitis A is very contagious and can spread from person to person in different ways. It usually spreads through food or water. Hepatitis A can also be transmitted during oral-anal sexual contact with an infected person.The hepatitis A virus is transmitted primarily by the faecal-oral route; that is when an uninfected person ingests food or water that has been contaminated with the faeces of an infected person. It basically causes mild illness; people who are infected with this may not even realize that they are sick. There are not many cures for this as it goes all by itself and does not do any long term liver damage. The major risk of suffering from hepatitis A can be minimized by maintaining a good hygiene, taking vaccinations on time, washing hands before eating and many more.
Many people suffering from this get alright within a few days on their own, but some people are not able to clear this virus from their body which results in long term serious infection. It leads to many serious problems like liver cancer, liver infection and liver damage. It can be caused through coming in contact with blood or body fluids. It is often spread through unprotected sex. The major possibility of getting it is by sharing an infected person’s razor, toothbrush, needles or mother can also pass this to her baby during childbirth. Unlike hepatitis A it cannot be spread through cough, sharing food with someone or physical contact. Anyone can be infected by this, but mostly those who take illegal drugs, living with someone who already has it. This is considered to be most dangerous out of all.
Very less number of people are able to remove this virus completely from their body and the rest have to carry this for quite a long time. It can sometimes cause very serious complications like liver failure and liver cancer. It is spread by sharing needles or other items used to inject drugs, getting tattoos or piercing with infected needles and sometimes mother passing on this disease to their child while giving birth. The symptoms of hepatitis C include headache, mild fever, and loss of appetite, vomiting, belly pain or jaundice. This can be diagnosed by a simple test and thanks to the latest advancement in the technology this can be cured by medications within 8–12 weeks.