Leading the Charge 🔌 🚘: Part Two

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Oct 16, 2018 · 4 min read

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This is the second part of our two-part series charting all things EV. Plotly is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, and it turns out that the city and province are doing a lot to promote electric vehicle use.

Which governments offer the largest financial incentives? Canada (well, Quebec) is a leader…

Given the sometimes prohibitive up-front costs to purchase an EV, many countries offer generous purchase subsidies.

As of 2014, Norway was offering a lofty $15,395 as a one-time benefit for the purchase of an EV, the largest in the world. Denmark trailed only slightly at $15,650.

While Canada didn’t make the overall list, the province of Quebec did.

It offers a respectable $8,000 CAD (~$6,200 USD) on the purchase or lease of an eligible EV through the Drive Electric program. An additional rebate of $600 is available for purchasing and installing a charging station at your home.

You can learn more about Quebec’s Electric Circuit here. In our previous post, we mentioned Montreal’s plans to create a network of 1,000 charging stations by 2020.

In USD; Data Source

Annual Canadian EV Sales by Province

EV sales have grown significantly across Canada over the last several years. Quebec had been the leading province from 2013–2016, but Ontario took the crown in 2017 and has so far retained it during 2018.

Nevertheless, Quebec still leads the 5-year race by a small margin and has seen EV sale growth increase by over 500% since 2013.

A tally of EV sales, by province, since 2013:

  1. Quebec: 26,794 🎉
  2. Ontario: 25,253
  3. British Columbia: 12,209
Data Source

EV Market Share in Canada

From 2013–15, EVs accounted for less than one percent of all new car sales across Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia. Since then, the growth has been closer to exponential, certainly in Quebec and British Columbia.

During January-June 2018, EVs made up 3.5% of all new car sales in British Columbia and 3.2% in Quebec. Progress, no doubt 📈

Data Source

How much could you save (in Quebec)?

Hydro-Québec has a nifty savings calculator that displays side-by-side the cost of driving an EV vs. gas-powered vehicle here.

Where could you save money?

One main advantage of electric vehicles is the cost of running them, as electricity is much cheaper than gas.

All-electric vehicles never need an oil change, and plug-in hybrid vehicles generally require fewer oil changes than their gas-powered counterparts.

To slow down, all-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles rely on a regenerative braking system, which causes less wear and tear on the discs and pads, meaning brakes last two to three times longer.

Conventional vehicles require the periodic replacement of parts and liquids that electric vehicles just don’t have, such as timing belts, coolants, tailpipes, oil filters and spark plugs.

Data Source

Why should you buy an EV?

Annual temperatures in Toronto from 1841–2017. Scale from 5.5°C (dark blue) to 11.0°C (dark red) [data, source]

One of the largest components of our changing climate is global warming, or referring to surface temperature increases from both natural (El Niño) and anthropogenic (greenhouse gases) causes. There’s no denying that we live on a warming Earth. Land temperatures are modulated by sea temperatures, which are also rising.

There’s also no denying the distinctive, positive relationship between global temperatures and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. The monthly average carbon dioxide concentration for July 2018 was 408.71 parts per million (ppm).

While the Earth’s climate has exhibited marked natural changes, with time scales varying from many millions of years down to a few years, the recent warming is almost certainly attributable to carbon pollution.

By becoming a part of the EV movement, you are making a statement. A statement that you are invested in combating climate change and the welfare of future generations on our planet 🌎

But, unfortunately…

Global carbon emissions aren’t going down

Global carbon emissions continued to increase following the Paris Agreement in 2016. In fact, a record 32.53 gigatonnes were emitted in 2017.

Data Source

It’s not getting any cooler

This recent visualization of the Earth heating up was crafted by Antti Lipponen, a research scientist at the Finnish Meteorological Institute. The animation, created with D3.js, shows how a majority of countries have warmed by at least 1.0ºC since the late 1800s. This “climate switchboard” is a unique way to illustrate global warming.

Plotly’s graphing libraries let you use Python, MATLAB, R, and other languages to create D3.js and WebGL charts and maps.

Most of the visualizations in this series were created with our open-source graphing libraries. If you want to go a step further and create data analytics apps for the web, check out Dash and Dash Deployment Server. Interested? Get in touch.

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