Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy: The Common Risk Factors

Benign prostatic hyperplasia — a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, also is known as Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)- is the most common tumor found in men. It makes the bladder to work harder inpushing out urine what, over a period of time,leads to bladderdeterioration. Then, other symptoms appear, such as urgent need to go, a feeble urine flow and frequent urination.

Here’s the list of common risk factors for benign prostate enlargement:

Family history: BPH runs in families, so you are more prone to have prostate problems if your brother or father had them.

Ethnic Background:Although BPH affect males of all cultural backgrounds, a research shows that it happens more often in black &Hispanic males than in white males (Journal of Urology). This might be due to metabolic diseases or genetic differences typical for African Americans & Latinos.

Diabetes:Many clinical studies suggest that diabetes may lead to benign prostatic hypertrophy due to abnormal insulin function. People with type-2 diabetes do not react well to insulin. That prompts a boost in blood glucose level. When pancreas pumps out more insulin to bring blood sugar down it signals the liver to create more IGF (insulin-like growth factor). It is assumed that excess IGF levels stimulate prostate overgrowth.

Heart Disease:Although heart disease does not causeBPH directly, some heart risk factors may contribute to prostate enlargement, such high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes.

Obesity:Males with excess body weight havehigher levels of estrogen, a female hormone that can have an adverse effect on the prostate gland. Obesity is also a part of the metabolic syndrome associated with prostate enlargement.

Inactivity:Inactive men are more susceptible to BPH. Regular exercise helps to keep prostate gland healthy.

Erectile Dysfunction (ED):Although erectile dysfunction doesn’t cause BPH (and vice versa), these two conditions often go hand in hand. Many drugs for benign prostatic hypertrophy, such as finasteride (sold under the brand names Proscar and Propecia), contribute to erection problems.