This comment really stuck out: “If younger workers demand structural changes while women (and men) at the top create structures for mentors to help women navigate the long-term obstacle course of high-pressure competition and family concerns, Barbara pointed out, things will change.”
One of those structural changes needs to be the option to work remotely. Commuting into an office where we sit and IM our coworkers who are sitting right next to us and where our work performance is evaluated by hours in the office rather than quality of work and output is no longer a sustainable or realistic model. Opening up to remote work allows people — women especially, in the gender roles discussed — to perform all their roles (employee, mother, daughter, caretaker, etc.) more flexibly while staying in the work force.