Latest Trends in Software Testing

In recent years, more and more companies are accepting testing as an early activity in the Software Development Life Cycle. Companies across the globe have a goal to get their applications faster to the market and with the priority of cost optimization. The software testing industry has seen several changes over the years. Software testing has become an essential thing today, which has made the sector evolve incredibly. For software testers, knowing the current and future states of the industry can help them stay on top of the game. In this process, companies are adopting the best practices of Agile and DevOps majorly to reduce the time to market. Besides this, companies are adopting other trends such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning, IoT, Blockchain, Cloud Computing, and many more.

So what will the software testing trends in 2022 be?

Here in this article, we will be providing more information about some tremendous software testing trends of the year 2022.

Understanding the latest trends in the software testing industry is what every software tester needs to do. As a software tester, this can help you up to your testing game and beat your competitors.

Top Trends in Software Testing

The following are the key trends in software testing for 2022 that are changing the face of Software Testing.

  1. Agile and DevOps

Most organizations today prefer and use DevOps and agile practices a lot. As you know, DevOps is famous for the association of cross departments. Agile, on the other hand, plays a critical role in software development and testing. A blend of the two makes deployment and teamwork more straightforward than ever before.

The software testing industry will see more of this trend in the future. This is because developers want to increase product quality and also increase production rates. A blend of DevOps and Agile will save businesses a lot and increase their productivity, making this a popular trend.

Agile is an approach to software development emphasizing incremental delivery, team collaboration, continual planning, and continual learning. Testing becomes an inevitable part of the software development process as per Agile.

DevOps combines both development (Dev) and operations (Ops) to shorten the software development life cycle and manage end-to-end processes.

Adopting Agile & DevOps allows teams to develop and deliver quality software faster. In the industry, most companies are showing interest to adopt Agile & DevOps over the past few years.

2. QAOps

A new topic that started trending after DevOps is QAOps.

In the Software Development Life Cycle, QAOps or DevTestOps is a combination of Quality Assurance (QA) and IT Operations (Ops). It guarantees faster delivery to the market without compromising quality.

It improves the collaboration between test engineers and developers by integrating QA tasks into the Continuous Integration (CI)/Continuous Deployment (CD) pipeline.

Already most of the companies are following DevOps practices. QAOps will become the next big thing in the coming days.

The role of the tester is not only limited to testing. Testers are involved in every phase of the SDLC. As a QA professional you need to be prepared with good knowledge of how the QAOps process works.

3. Scriptless Test Automation

In recent times, most companies are releasing products to the market at a fast pace in varied directions. If testers spent a lot of time learning new complex programming languages as well as working on backlogs can be a frustrating experience.

Scriptless Automation Tools allows teams, not to spend extensive hours of programming. These tools empower testers to automate reusable and robust tests by combining AI and ML algorithms into the self-healing mechanism as well as consistent results.

In recent times, most companies are releasing products to the market at a fast pace in varied directions. If testers spent a lot of time learning new complex programming languages as well as working on backlogs can be a frustrating experience.

Scriptless Automation Tools allows teams, not to spend extensive hours of programming. These tools empower testers to automate reusable and robust tests by combining AI and ML algorithms into the self-healing mechanism as well as consistent results.

4. Big Data Testing

Big Data Testing will be one of the key software testing trends that will have a positive impact on different industries. Big Data is majorly used across different industries such as finance, banking, healthcare, retail, media, telecom service, etc.,

Businesses of all kinds deal with data of varying types and volumes in their operations, big data being the main. Today, big data has started to become more popular than it has ever been in the past. Big data is getting used in almost every sector in the world. Mining this data, both structured and unstructured, requires end-to-end testing.

As per Research and Markets survey 2020 report, the global market for Big Data estimated at US$70.5 Billion in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of US$243.4 Billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 19.4% over the analysis period 2020–2027

To do big data testing we need to have a strong Big Data testing strategy rather than following traditional testing techniques. You can read this guide on Big Data for more information.

The quality of data is crucial in big data testing irrespective of whether the data is structured or unstructured. Functional testing and performance testing of applications are also important components of big data testing along with the quality of the data.

Big data testing will continue to be a popular thing among software testers. This is because businesses want to utilize data in developing practical market strategies and improving their targeting. Thus, the demand for big data testing will increase in 2021 and beyond.

5. Internet of Things (IoT) Test Automation

The Internet of Things (IoT) devices is digitally connected devices that connect wirelessly to a network and streamline the flow of data over the network. Internet of Things has been on the rise over the past few years. New technological advancements keep happening in the world, and that has made IoT popular. However, there is also a need to test IoT devices to ensure that they work flawlessly and do not have any security risks.

As IoT becomes more popular, the need to test devices is also growing. Today, you cannot deploy IoT devices without confirming that they meet specific standards. IoT testing will be a rising trend in the coming years as more organizations adopt it to ensure their safety and safeguard their integrity.

According to the Gartner forecast, the installed base of active IoT connected devices reach 21.5 billion units by 2025. This shows the growing capabilities of the Internet of Things.

As per the World Quality Report 2019–20 from Capgemini/Sogeti, 34% of respondents said that their products have Internet of Things functionality but their team still doesn’t have a testing approach.

It states that IoT testers will face a lot of challenges in terms of testing strategies to test IoT devices.

Companies are planning to develop a testing strategy to test IoT devices. As a QA professional you have to adopt these advanced technologies and enhance your skills to test the usability, performance, and security of IoT devices.

6. Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning

One of the biggest things that could change the future of software testing is AI. This technology has impacted a wide variety of industries around the world. The software testing industry is also set to become better with the adoption of AI to speed up processes and increase efficiency. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI & ML,) have significantly altered the value proposition and capabilities of the global business and industry.

As per markets and markets report, AI is expected to reach USD 190.6 billion by 2025 from USD 21.5 billion in 2018, at a CAGR of 36.6% during the forecast period.

As per the markets and markets report, the machine learning market is expected to reach 8.81 billion by 2022 from USD 1.03 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of 44.1% during the forecast period.

AI and ML can help businesses to make better decisions using real-time data. It enhances the quality of testing by quickly finding the bugs.

Companies are using AI and ML in software testing in many ways from visual testing to the self-healing mechanism of automation testing tools.

Automation testing tools are developed using AI as part of a visual testing and self-healing mechanism. Visual testing helps test teams in writing fewer tests for the user interface when performing functional testing. The self-healing mechanism fixes issues in test scripts, reduces test maintenance, and reduces the cost to create automated tests.

AI and ML can speed up test creation, reduce test maintenance, and automatically generate tests. For instance, AI will play a critical role in data collection during software testing. It will also transform how software testers use the data collected. This, for the industry, will mean higher productivity, better software quality, and many other positives relating to the software produced.

7. Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

Robotic Process Automation is used to automate software jobs that run regularly without manual intervention.A specialized computer program (bots) are used to execute certain events on a system for example change the quantity, calculate the price, etc.,

RPA tools are majorly used across different industries such as finance, banking, health care, customer service, etc.,

As per Research and Markets survey 2020 report, the Robotic Process Automation global market is estimated at USD 595.8 Million in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of USD 3.4 Billion by 2027, growing at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 28.2% between 2020–2027.

RPA cuts cost improves quality and improves operational controls.

8. Shift Left Testing

Shift-left testing is an approach to performance testing earlier in the life cycle.

Usually, in the traditional software development life cycle, requirements are placed on the left side and delivery and testing are placed on the right side of the workflow. The problem of the traditional way is the negative outcomes for the business such as time-consuming, delay bug detection, and increasing costs. With Shift-left, software development teams collaborate to become more proactive to ensure all initial ideas are feasible and developed properly. This approach helps organizations to reduce the time to market the product and deliver the best outcome. It allows the QA team to work in tight coordination with the development team and product team.

With shift-left testing, we can detect bugs early in the SDLC. By testing in the early stages of software development, we can ensure a high quality of code as well as save time and money.

9. Blockchain Testing

Blockchain acts as a record-keeping technology behind Bitcoin. It is one of the most advanced and emerging technologies currently in the market.

It can be compared to what the internet was in the early 1990s. We know how the internet changed our day-to-day life over the past two decades. In the coming days, Blockchain may do the same.

According to Statista, the global blockchain technology revenues experience huge growth in the upcoming years.

Its other name is distributed ledger technology. It provides confidence in transactions between parties who do not trust each other. It is fairly secure encryption. It is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.

There may be risks like data security issues involved with this technology. To overcome the risks involved in this we need to adopt an effective blockchain testing strategy. This process gives more opportunities for QA professionals who have good knowledge of blockchain technology.

10. Test Automation

Test Automation should be definitely mentioned practice among some of the most popular practices in Software Development.

Companies are adopting DevOps and Agile practices and these practices by companies are driving the growth of the automation testing market and it becomes a mandate to leverage automation testing.

Test Automation places a vital role in Software Organizations in terms of agile practices, CI/CD implementation, and DevOps and it speeds up the release cycles, makes sure quality software is released, and increases testing coverage.

It saves time majorly on repetitive tasks and reduces manual intervention.

As per Research and Markets survey 2020 report, the Global Automation Testing Market is expected to grow from USD 13,499.89 Million in 2019 to USD 29,525.87 Million by the end of 2025 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 13.93%.

There are many automation testing tools in the market help teams to make automation much easier and more effective too.

As more businesses adopt the latest Agile and DevOps processes to fulfill the demand for Quality at Speed, test automation has become an indispensable component. Test automation continues to lead by helping teams perform repetitive tasks, detect bugs faster and more precisely, provide continuous feedback loops, ensure test coverage. Therefore, organizations that implement automated testing in their QA processes can save a significant amount of costs, time, and human resources.

11. Selenium 4

Organizations that are adopting Agile and DevOps processes are utilizing various test automation tools to release their product faster to the market. Many of them are choosing Selenium over other automation testing tools.

Selenium is an open-source test automation tool used to automate web applications. It supports multiple programming languages, multiple operating systems, cross-browser compatibility testing. Due to all these features, it’s a favorite tool within the QA teams when compared to other automation tools. Selenium 4 (alpha) was released a few months ago. Most of the automation testers who use Selenium are eagerly waiting for Selenium 4 stable release.

Selenium 4 will be releasing very soon with many more features like relative locators, open-source Chromium driver support for Edge browser, selenium grid, docker support, etc.,

Wrapping Up

There is no doubt that software testing is an essential thing for a developer today. It helps ensure that the products released to the market meet the industry’s quality demands. As a software developer, you need to be sure that you know what’s happening in the software industry and what the future holds for it.

This article has explored important trends that you can expect to see in 2021 and into the future. Most of these trends are already happening, and some are yet to go mainstream. Keeping them in mind and embracing them early will help you stay ahead as a software developer and tester.

Take your time to learn how technology such as IoT works and the reasons to test IoT devices. Also, knowing how AI will impact software testing can help you get prepared for the future. All these are essential things to know as a software tester in 2021.

If you liked this blog and it helped you in knowing some of this concept, then please do share this with your friends and comment down and let us know what you are thinking about it!

Thank You! 😊

Writers:

Preeti Raul

Rutuja Hilay

Aditya Sakpal

Ritwik Kumar Singh

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Student at Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune

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Preeti Raul

Preeti Raul

Student at Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune

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