ASP.Net MVC: What We Need to Know

According to the roadmap posted on GitHub.com, Microsoft is expected to release ASP.NET 5 in the first quarter of 2016. The completely revamped version of ASP.NET is open source and cross-platform. So the businesses can use the upcoming version of ASP.NET for building web application that run on Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X without increasing project overheads. Also, the users can avail a number of new features and enhancements including MVC 6. The ASP.NET MVC 6 is completely different from earlier versions of ASP.NET MVC. That is why; users must be familiar with the key features of the unified programming model.

Overview of ASP.NET MVC 6

Unified Core Framework: ASP.NET MVC 6 is designed by unifying three distinct programming models. The programmers can use the use the unified core framework for building applications using Web Pages, Web API and MVC. Thus, the developers are no longer required to make changes to the code while switching from one ASP.NET framework to another. However, the unified framework does not include ASP.NET Web Forms.

One Type of Controller: ASP.NET MVC 6 will further enable ASP.NET developers to use a single type of controller to handle various requests. The controller type is further common to MVC, Web Pages, and Web API applications. Thus, the users now have option to use a single routing framework, one filter pipeline, and a single model binding framework. The unified core framework will enable them to avoid relying on multiple frameworks.

Tag Helpers: While using the upcoming version of ASP.NET MVC, programmers can use tag helpers instead of conventional MVC helpers. The tag helpers are designed with features to simplify creation of views in ASP.NET MVC applications. The programmers can use tag helpers as a set of code to create cshtml forms without using Razor views. They can simply write code by combining HTML and C# programming language to write views that look just like conventional HTML.

Built-in Dependency Injection Support: As a software design pattern, dependency injection is used widely by programmers to pass dependencies into the client for use. ASP.NET 5 supports dependency injections fully, along with treating the software design pattern as a first class citizen. While creating ASP.NET MVC 6 applications, the programmers can take advantage of the minimalist dependency injection. In addition to using the default dependency injection container provided by the framework, they also have option to bring their own containers.

New Location to Store Static Files: The updated version of ASP.NET MVC 6 will require developers to store static files of the project in the wwwroot folder. As the wwwroot folder will represent the root of the web application, the web server could not identify the files stored outside the folder. Hence, the programmers have to store HTML, CSS, JavaScript, libraries, images and similar static files in the wwwroot folder. However, the new folder will make it easier for users to minify and bundle common tasks using automated tools like Grunt.

Tools to Manage Client-Side Packages: In comparison to server-side, client-side has more packages and DLLs. In addition to having several packages from the server side, the client-side can also have packages generated by various frameworks including jQuery, grunt, Bootstrap, Backbone.js, AngularJS, images and style sheets. While ASP.NET MBC 6, the developers can simplify client-side package management using two distinct open source tools NPM and Bower. These two tools can also be used as a part of dependencies.

No Need to Host Applications on IIS: While using ASP.NET MVC 5, the developers were required to host applications exclusively on Microsoft IIS. The updated version of ASP.NET MVC enables developers to create cross-platform applications. The users also have option to choose from several hosting options in addition to IIS. For instance, they can host the MVC 6 applications using kestrel web server on Linux or avail self-hosting services for individual platforms.

On the whole, ASP.NET MVC 6, as a unified programming model, will make it easier for programmers to take advantage of distinct frameworks without making changes to the code. However, the developers have to embrace a number of changes while switching from ASP.NET MVC 5 to ASP.NET MVC 6.

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