TOKA- Ethical Dilemmas
You just got a letter for the school of your choice, you open it and… you didn’t get in. But your friend who has much lower test scores and a lower GPA than you got in. You realize that the only reason she got in was because of her ethnic background. What do you do? Do you go to the admissions counselor, or do you deal with the decision and find another school?
It can be very difficult to deal with a situation like that. You have to choose between the bold decision that could get you what you want, but has the possibility of hurting someone you care about, and the decision that leaves you without what you want and without the chance to change it. There are many different viewpoints and many different philosophies that could help you make a decision.
For example, John Stuart Mill would suggest that you do whatever causes the most good. The “greatest happiness principle” is one that he proposed. The good must out weigh the bad.
On the other side of the spectrum, philosopher Epicurus would say that pleasure is the sole good. Do what ever brings the most pleasure. Don’t be afraid to do something because there will be a negative consequence, just do what makes you the most happy.
- There is no such thing as a universal version of ethics. There is not only one selection of morals. It is all objective.
With all of the philosophers out there and every single human in the world, you cannot pinpoint the one specific version of a moral/ethical person. There are too many viewpoints to decide on just one. Everything is relative. Ethics is a part of philosophy for a reason. It is meant to be debated and argued. You aren’t meant to come to a concise conclusion with philosophy. That why it is so great, you can’t ever be told that you’re wrong, because no one is wrong. But no one is right either.
- To what extent is personal happiness the most important factor when experiencing and ethical dilemma?
Personal happiness is often what leads human to make decisions in life. Humans are selfish creatures by nature so the first instinct we usually have is to do what is best for us. But that is partly why philosophy exists. To challenge our impulses and think things all the way through. Beyond what would normally be done.
- To what extent can we determine that one philosophy is better than another?
There is an endless amount of ways to react to an ethical dilemma. It is impossible to ever have every single person agree completely in one action or another because everyone has different life experiences that effect their morals. So the decisions we make are individual, based off of what we have experienced in life.