Civilization transcends time

“History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme.”
 ― Mark Twain

When you look into the history of anything, everything has progressed to what it is today, so what we have today with us is more of reminiscence of the past. It includes our daily believes and culture. Mankind has evolved and so do these. I am awestruck just to think that techniques and principles have been developed some thousand years back are still widely used in this modern digital world. Here I try to share very few of them which I read in recent time.

Indus Valley Civilization , Metallurgy , Mohenjo-daro, Lost-wax technique

Indus valley civilization had made advancement in metallurgy to create a simple yet exquisite techniques. More you find here Metallurgical Techniques of Indus Valley Civilization. I find this article interesting that some 1000 years before they were able to simplify a process to create gold necklace less than 0.25mm in diameter. Another example is 4500 yrs old bronze statue. This statue is still known for its fluidity in curves and lines. Made of Lost Wax technique which is still being used. Archeologists and metallurgist are at awe as this transcends time and space.

dancing girl — 4500 years old statue

Architecture, Mesopotamia Mud-brick technique

There existed an advanced village in prehistoric age dated (~6000 bc–? BC). Mesopotamia Civilization did house world’s ancient highly developed and complex states. Hassuna was the oldest culture in northern Mesopotamia civilization. Architecture around this place is made of packed mud. They developed mud-brick technique, influencing the architectures until 6th millennium B.C. Mud brick houses are still being built in Niger, Romania Danube Delta, Yemen. These structures provide insulation against heat and cold. Another technique that has transcend time which are simple yet sophisticated, crude yet functional.

Mud brick houses — Taos Pueblo, New Mexico

Architecture , Chinese civilization — Architecture of symmetry

Chinese architecture was unique as it intertwined taoism philosophies into its design around 1500 BC. They too had mud houses similar to mesopotamia civilization where poor people stayed. But it was architecture of houses where rich people stay intrigues me. They had strict rules of design, they had low roofs and balanced symmetrical (both sides of the building should be same ) these are according to taosim philosophy. Later around 200 BCs they had Indian influences ( due to buddhism arrival ) with high raised stupas, but idea of symmetrical building were carried till now in architecture and design. Idea of symmetry and balance is a simplistic and clutter free view which explains taoism philosophy of simplicity and balance , can be boring but they are stable and appeals to human eyes aesthetic sense. This architecture principles are still being used by modern designers. Appeal to aesthetic sense is never out of fashion , it is more of a natural extension. Below is something to compare between past and present.

“Study the past if you would define the future.”
 ― Confucius

This humble presentation is just to make us to look back into the past and understand that there are so much to learn and progress constructively. History is boring if we try to see them in numbers when something happened and who was there, but rather they are interesting if we try to see them why something was done and how.

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