I have no idea what case law says on this or whether case law even exists on this particular bit of the Connecticut state constitution. But “adequate” is something that is endlessly debatable. This is just an upper court decision, and the state supreme court is yet to weigh in, because you can bet that this decision is gonna generate either significant pushback or an ineffectual, mostly symbolic response.
Even if you fund the schools the same (and this is NOT gonna be the case), outcomes will still be very poor for the kids of Hartford. If money was the primary determining factor in academic performance, DC Public Schools would have the most talented students in the country as opposed to the worst.
Besides, there’s another component at work here, which is that student outcomes are highly tied to who your parents are. And the truth is that it’s a lot harder for kids raised in single parent households to succeed in school compared to their peers who were raised with two parents under the same roof. We’re not going to return to busing or any other kind of forced integration. It was a failure then and there’s no compelling reason as to why it’d work today.
Frankly, I’m not sure if there exists a plan for public education reform that’s both effective and politically feasible. Charter schools have done well in New York, but their record elsewhere is mixed and only a small segment of the student body attend them. A student voucher system would be my choice, but it wouldn’t pass most state legislatures.
It could very well be that there is no realistic policy response, at least, not on the scale where it would make a difference statewide.