Dr. Ravindra Nanda and His Clinical Interests and Research
Dr. Ravindra Nanda has an experience of more than 4 decades in the field of Orthodontics. In his initial years, he has conducted research in the areas of orthopedic forces, cleft lip and palate, and on orthognathic surgery in adolescents. In recent years, his major clinical interests were the development of the orthodontic wires, application of biomechanics in a busy orthodontic practice, and clinical orthodontic trials.
As a professor, Ravindra Nand as spent more than 35 years in the University Of Connecticut and is now a professor emeritus there. In the year 1992, he was appointed as the Head of the Department of Orthodontics in the University of Connecticut and later in the year 2004, he was promoted as the Chair of the Division of the Craniofacial Sciences. This includes various other divisions like the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced Education in General Dentistry, Pediatric Dentistry, and Orthodontics.
Professor Nanda has conducted several research and treatments based on his clinical interests. He has written a number of journals and editorials for the orthodontic societies. These articles are highly beneficial for the aspirants of Orthodontics and already established Orthodontists. A brief abstract of some of that research is stated below:
1. An interdisciplinary approach to increasing the vertical dimension of occlusion in an adult patient with several missing teeth:
This article was written on the basis of a 39-year-old patient, who was facing the problems of several missing teeth, deep overbite, Class II malocclusion, and significant mandibular midline deviation. The treatment conducted that the placement of endosseous dental implants at an early stage of the Orthodontic treatment. This was conducted to increase the vertical dimension of the occlusion for deep bite correction, distalization of the mandibular right buccal segment, and canine substitution for the missing lateral incisors.
2. Dynamic smile analysis — Changes with age:
The aim of this study was to define the changes in smile according to the age. The area of interests was upper lip thickness, length of the smile, maxillary incisal display at a smile, the percentage of buccal corridors, smile index, interlabial gap height at the smile, intercommissural width at rest, smile arc, and smile height. The second objective was to study the changes that occur from the stage of rest to smile and compare them according to the age. This study helped to find the age-related dynamics. As the person ages, the smile becomes wide transversely and narrow vertically, the ability of muscles to smile decreases with the age.
3. Biomechanics of orthodontic correction of dental asymmetries:
To correct the dental asymmetries, one requires special attention in the orthodontic treatment. There are several types of asymmetries and Dr. Nanda has described all the biomechanics that are needed to correct them. This treatment with a different appliance is specifically designed to correct these asymmetries.
4. Increasing orthodontic and orthognathic surgery treatment efficiency with a modified surgery-first approach:
To accelerate the treatment for orthognathic surgical patients, surgery-first is the new and viable option. In some patients, conducting this approach is impossible because of the occlusal interferences. Dr. Ravindra Nanda along with his teammates started a pre-surgical orthodontic phase to particularly eliminate the anterior dental interferences. With help of temporary anchorage devices (TAD), the significant crowding was resolved in order to control the maxillary incisor inclination. He believes that this approach can be used as an alternative to the treatment time involved in orthognathic surgery.
5. Treatment strategies for midline discrepancies:
In the clinical orthodontics, midline discrepancies are the most common yet most complex problems. Soft tissues, skeletal, and dentoalveolar asymmetries can be individual problems or can be in combination in patients who have non-coincidental midlines. Because of the multi-factorial etiology, a proper understanding of the components that are involved in the diagnosis is vital. Ravindra Nanda states that for achieving the desired results, the treatment mechanics should be biomechanically oriented, without any side effects.
As a well-known personality in the field of Orthodontics, Ravindra Nanda is on the editorial board of 9 national as well as international orthodontics journals. He is also an associate editor of the Journal of Clinical Orthodontics.
Dr. Nanda is a member of several Orthodontic Societies like American Dental Association, the Hartford Dental Society, the Connecticut State Dental Association, the American Association of Orthodontics, the International Association of Dental Research, the European Orthodontic Society, and the College of Diplomats of the American Board of Orthodontists.
Dr. Ravindra Nand has authored seven textbooks based on his clinical research. These books are Retention and Stability in Orthodontics, Current Therapy in Orthodontics, Biomechanics in Clinical Orthodontics, Esthetics and Biomechanics in Orthodontics, Esthetic Strategies in Clinical Orthodontics, Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics, Atlas of Complex Orthodontics.
As an Orthodontist, Ravindra Nanda has contributed a lot to the field of Orthodontics. With his dedication and determination, he has been honored with numerous awards, some of those awards are:
- At the Australian Society of Orthodontics, he was honored with Gordon Kirkness Memorial Lecture
- He is the Honorary Member of Czech Orthodontic Society, Jordan Orthodontic Society, Taiwanese Orthodontic Society, and Central American Orthodontic Society.
- By the Indian Orthodontic Society, he is honored with Life Time Membership.
- At Boston, Massachusetts he was awarded John Mershon Memorial Lecture by the American Association of Orthodontics.
- By the Australia Society of Orthodontics Foundation, he was awarded the John Taylor Lecture.
- At the University of Sydney, Australia he was awarded Keith Godfrey Visiting Professor
- Ravindra Nanda served for 20 years in the University of Connecticut; he was honored the Life Time Achievement Award by the University of Connecticut Foundation.
- European Orthodontic Society he was awarded Sheldon Friel Memorial Lecture.
- He was honored as the Senior Research Fellow at the Tohoku University in Sendai, Japan
- The University of San Francisco honored him with Wendell L. Wylie Memorial Lecture at San Francisco, California.
Dr. Nanda owns a deep well of information when it comes to Orthodontics. He is a keynote speaker and with his immense knowledge, he attends seminars and conferences throughout the world. The college of Diplomates at UConn has honored Ravindra Nanda as “A Legend in Orthodontics.”