Photo by Kanchanara on Unsplash

Ethereum is changing the way it verifies transactions on its blockchain.

Before The Merge, Ethereum transactions were verified using a PoW system. Miners competed to verify network transactions by solving an energy-intensive mathematical puzzle. But now, with The Merge, they’ll be replaced with stakers who lock up ETH for transaction validation. This should reduce network energy use by 99.5%.

The Merge prepares Ethereum for future upgrades like sharding that require a PoS consensus model. Sharding splits a blockchain into smaller, independent chains to reduce network congestion and increase transaction throughput — and that means better scalability for Ethereum as it grows!

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