…product managers independently code, test and deploy their own microservices whenever they need to. The ratio of developers to overhead reverses, with 100 developers to 50 managers. Each developer is spending less time in meetings and waiting for tickets, getting twice as much done with a hundred times better time to value. A common shorthand for this change is a move from project to product. A large number of project managers are replaced with far fewer product managers. In my somewhat contrived example, 150 people are producing twice the output that 300 people used to. Double the return a hundred times sooner, on half the investment. Many organizations have been making this kind of transition and there are real examples of similar improvements.