# The Future of Quantum Computing

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

Computers reduce human effort and also focus on increasing the performance to push the technology forward. Many approaches have been devised to increase the performance of the computers. One such way is to reduce the size of the transistors used in the systems. Another very significant tactic is to use quantum computers.

Quantum Computation was first thought of by **Richard Feynman** who said that by using the quantum mechanical effects, faster computation can be achieved. This was found when scientists tried simulating these effects on a computer. Another hint was the exponentially large state spaces that quantum mechanics makes available which indicates enormous amount of computational resources

Quantum computers are the new kind of machines that promises an exponential growth spurt in processing powers, that are capable of tackling problems that computers of today can’t solve. While an encryption busting /global problem solving quantum computers doesn’t exist yet. but we have gained some serious momentum.

Tech giants like IBM and Google have already started research & development in the scientific race to build the first universal Quantum Machine.

In order to know how a quantum computer can be made incredibly powerful, you may need to dip your feet in the field of QUANTUM MECHANICS.

Still Wondering where did you heard the term *QUANTUM MECHANICS*, of course that is an area of Quantum Physics.

*Quantum mechanics is the study of scientific laws that describe the wacky behavior of photons, electrons and the other particles that make up the universe. — — Livescience.com*

Quantum Computing specifically deals with two forms of Quantum Mechanics

** Quantum Superposition of states** : It states that, much like waves in classical physics, any two (or more) quantum states can be added together (“superposed”) and the result will be another valid quantum state; and conversely, that every quantum state can be represented as a sum of two or more other distinct states. Mathematically, it refers to a property of solutions to the Schrödinger equation; since the Schrödinger equation is linear, any linear combination of solutions will also be a solution.

Another example is a quantum logical qubit state, as used in quantum information processing, which is a quantum superposition of the “basis states” **“0 | 1”**.

Here **0 **is the Dirac notation ()for the quantum state that will always give the result 0 when converted to classical logic by a measurement. Likewise **1** is the state that will always convert to 1.

Contrary to a classical bit that can only be in the state corresponding to 0 or the state corresponding to 1, a qubit may be in a superposition of both states. This means that the probabilities of measuring 0 or 1 for a qubit are in general neither 0.0 nor 1.0, and multiple measurements made on qubits in identical states will not always give the same result.

** Quantum Entanglement of states:** An entangled system is defined to be one whose quantum state cannot be factored as a product of states of its local constituents; that is to say, they are not individual particles but are an inseparable whole. In entanglement, one constituent cannot be fully described without considering the other. Note that the state of a composite system is always expressible as a

*sum*, or superposition, of products of states of local constituents; it is entangled if this sum necessarily has more than one term.

The Metaphase Sound Machine is an object with 6 rotating disks. Each of the discs is equipped with acoustic sound source (a speaker) and a microphone. Each of the microphones is connected via computer and the rotary axis to the speakers on the disks. Also in the center of installation a Geiger-Mueller counter is set, that detects ionizing radiation in the surrounding area. The intervals between these particles influence rotation velocity of each of the disks. Essentially the object is an audio- and kinetic installation in which a sound is synthesized based on feedbacks, produced by microphones and speakers on rotating discs. Feedback whistles are used as triggers for more complex sound synthesis. Additional harmonic signal processing, as well as the volatility of the dynamic system, lead to the endless variations of sound. The form of the object refers to the generally accepted symbolic notation of quantum entanglement as a biphoton — crossing discs of the orbits.

Quantum systems can become entangled through various types of interactions. For some ways in which entanglement may be achieved for experimental purposes, see the section below on methods. Entanglement is broken when the entangled particles decohere through interaction with the environment .As an example of entanglement: a subatomic particle decays into an entangled pair of other particles. The decay events obey the various conservation laws, and as a result, the measurement outcomes of one daughter particle must be highly correlated with the measurement outcomes of the other daughter particle (so that the total momenta, angular momenta, energy, and so forth remains roughly the same before and after this process). For instance, a spin-zero particle could decay into a pair of spin-½ particles. Since the total spin before and after this decay must be zero (conservation of angular momentum), whenever the first particle is measured to be spin up on some axis, the other, when measured on the same axis, is always found to be spin down. (This is called the *spin anti-correlated* case; and if the prior probabilities for measuring each spin are equal, the pair is said to be in the singlet state.)

Part 2 of the article : In Progression .. *Stay Tuned !!!*

“The future looks promising, from **Elon’s SpaceX Mission to Mars** to the F**uture of computing**. ” The question still remains the same — how are we ready for these giant technological advancement ?? ….

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

Thanks for spending some time reading my article. Peace ✌ 😉