It’s difficult to follow all the misconceptions here.
Authors don’t “own” the text of their works. The written word is not property that can be locked in a safe. The government grants copyrights, a legal construct created by government to encourage authors to create more work by granting licenses to reproduce the work for limited periods of time.
Fair use has long been established for the kinds of short excerpts that Google is displaying. And I’ve never heard a cogent argument that google showing 1 page of a book in search results could negatively affect the author’s copyright.
You may wish to live in a world where the concept of property ownership is wholly extended to written works (although I have no idea what that would look like), but that is not the world in which we live.