Are these authors trustworthy?
Gentrification is a serious issue that is affecting the lives of many, raising housing prices that middle class families can no longer afford while workers of the technology industry or first class workers are coming in to take their place. Using the San Francisco State University’s database, I choose two scholarly articles about gentrification which I will analyze the material and the author(s) of the article, and see if it is a trustworthy source. Databases are a great way to find credible resources that the school/university has filtered, posting only sources that are reliable to use. With that being said, the two articles I researched should be a credible source to use because of its origin coming from the school’s database, but that is why I will be checking the content of the writing and the authors who wrote them to see who they are exactly. The rhetorical strategies seen in the two scholarly articles are both logos and ethos, using facts and citing other credible resources, making these articles a respected source.
The first article I chose was from the book, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 143, with a small segment analyzing gentrification in the United States from a structural perspective. The first thing I noticed about this article was the number of authors cited at the top, there were six authors that helped contribute to this section of the book. Henry J. Whittle, Kartika Palar, Lee Lemus Hufstedler, Hilary K. Seligman, and Sheri D. Weiser were from UCSF working either in the global health science department or the department of medicine. The last author, Edward A. Frongilllo, works in the department of health at the University of South Carolina, which means all these authors have a reliable background. I liked their use of ethos in the article, after each statement they would cite the source they received it from by putting it at the end of the sentence. From the first sentence they write, “Gentrification is “the process by which high income… flavour of that neighbourhood” (Kennedy and Leonard, 2001)”, showing that the material they talk about is credited to the place they got the idea from making them a trustworthy resource. In the article, there are many sentences with citations at the end in parentheses, assuring readers that most of these facts came from somewhere else. Authors coming from famous universities and all the facts they write are cited from the source, showing that this article is a trustworthy resource.
The second article I chose to analyze is from Neil Smith’s book, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, which had a short commentary about gentrification and the rent gap. Neil Smith, a Scottish geographer, which makes him a questionable source when it comes to topics like gentrification, but what makes him credible is the material we writes in this section. He also uses mostly ethos, citing some of his points at the end of his sentences, for example, “… indicators of gentrification… the immigration of “higher-status” groups (Schaffer and Smith 1986)”, I noticed a common use of citing material at the end of sentences in both articles. Both articles use the parenthesis at the end of some sentences to credit their source that makes what they say more respected. Smith uses a little more logos in his writing compared to the first article saying, “The crucial point about gentrification is that it involve not only a social change but also, at the neighborhood scale, a physical change…”, bringing up the comparison between social and physical changes and how it has a factor in gentrification. Using both logos and ethos in his writing about a topic he isn’t as familiar with helped overcome the fact that he was a geographer, and left the readers with a satisfied read and a reliable article to use.
It is very important when looking for respected articles to use in your writing to make sure the information written is credible with the author also being someone who is credible. Most of the time authors who write certain articles do not cite their ideas/statements which makes some readers believe in everything that is written, but sadly all the things that author wrote could just be his opinions without gaining knowledge from a reliable source. Using the university’s database really helped assure the articles I was going to use in this paper were credible. But the articles was not all about citing information constantly, with the help of logos and ethos as tools in their writing made both articles effective about the issue of gentrification. After analyzing the stakeholders of both articles, they both turned out to be very reliable and credible sources to use with the help of some rhetorical strategies.