Common urological problems and treatments.

Urology is a branch of medicine that specializes in treating diseases or the problems in the urinary tract of males, females and children and the male reproductive system. The organs covered under urology are the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs like the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis. Urological diseases are very common among people of all ages. We have all faced these problems at least once in our lifetime. Knowing about such disorders will help you understand your body better and obtain proper treatment from a Urologist. Below listed are some of the most common urological disorders:-

  1. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH):-

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is condition that increases the size of the prostate gland. BPH is very common in older men. Men with BPH may experience a frequent urge to urinate and fail to empty the bladder completely. A Urologist may prescribe medication for mild cases or recommend surgery if the condition is serious.

2. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs):- It occurs as a result of infection caused by bacteria or viruses in the urinary tract. They are much more common in women, although men can get them too. It is characterized by a burning sensation while passing urine and a frequent urge to urinate. UTI is treated with antibiotics and the infection usually clears up within five to six days.

3. Kidney and Ureteral Stones: —

Stones develop in the kidneys when there are crystals in the urine and small particles surround and collect on these crystals. When these crystals travel from the kidney to the ureter they are termed as Ureteral stones. This condition can be extremely painful as it obstructs the flow of urine. Small stones can be expelled easily from the body. However for large stone the urologist might suggest surgery.

While getting treated for such urological disorders you should make sure that you seek treatment from a certified urologist.