Mosquito Biology And Elimination Tips
The mosquito is a common flying insect known all over the world. Mosquitoes can be found practically in any place of the world except for North Pole and South Pole.
There are more than 2 thousand kinds of mosquitoes. Mosquitoes can fly very fastly (from 1 to 1.6 miles per hour).
Why Mosquito Bites people?
Mosquito’s females suck blood and the nectar of plants, but the mosquito’s males can drink only flower nectar. During a bite, mosquito injects an anticoagulant into the skin to make the victim’s blood more fluid. Mosquito’s female finds her victims by smell and heat.
Danger of infestation
You must remember that the mosquito is very often a carrier of dangerous diseases, such as encephalitis, malaria, yellow fever and others dangerous viruses. The mosquito, who suck blood, can transfer disease from an animal to the human.
The mosquito, as like all insects, has a body consisting of three main parts (head, thorax, and abdomen), a hard exoskeleton, six legs, and pair of wings. Mosquito have a thin proboscis and can eat only liquid food such as blood or nectar.
Mosquito’s Life Cycle
Mosquitos life cycle consist of four distinct stages of development:EGG, PUPA, LARVA, and ADULT. The mosquito’s full life cycle takes about a month.
Eggs: After drinking blood, mosquito’s females lay a raft of 50 to 300 tiny eggs in standing water.
Larvae: Larvae can eat organic matter’s bits that float in water and each other. While they grow larvae molt four times. After the fourth molt, they become pupas.
Pupae: Pupae (also termed as Tumblers) also live in water. Pupae breathes through two horn-like tubes (also called siphons) on their back.
Adult: An adult mosquito emerges from a pupa after a few days when the pupas skin splits. The adult mosquito lives for only a few weeks.
Mosquito Elimination Tips
Read this advices from the Department of Health to remain diligent in your personal
mosquito protection and elimination efforts .
These advices include the “5 D’s” for mosquito bite prevention:
Dusk and Dawn — Avoid being outdoors during the dusk and dawn hours. In these hours the amount of mosquitoes hungry for blood is greatest.
Dress — during the dusk and dawn hours wear clothes that coveres a skin.
DEET — When danger for exposure to mosquitoes bite exists, you should use a repellents containing DEET. Repellent with concentrations up to 30% DEET can be recommended for most common situations.
But don’t forget that it is not recommended to use DEET on children less than 2 months old! For your baby’s protection you should keep baby indoors or cover him or her by the mosquito netting when mosquitoes are present. Also you can get additional protection by applying a permethrin repellent directly to your clothing.
ATTENTION! You should always read the manufacturer’s annotations carefully before you start using a repellent.
Drainage — Check your home and backyard to rid it of shadowed moisturized places in which mosquitoes can lay their eggs. Also elimination of the bird’s nests is an additional factor to an avoidance of reproduction of mosquitoes.
Tips for mosquito elimination:
Keep eaves, troughs and gutters in cleanliness.
Old tires also can be used by mosquitoes for laying eggs. Therefore you should remove all tires from your yard or make holes in tires to drain it.
Empty pots, barrels and other containers should be turned over or removed.
If you have a boat or other equipment — check its tarps, because it may collect water.
Don’t forget to replace water in pet’s dishes at least once a week.
The same recommendation can be applied to flowers trays, including hanging plants.
Clear up drainage ditches from vegetation or other barrier which prevent outflow of water.
Following these simple recommendations, you can considerably reduce a population of mosquitoes near to your house and make the first step to ultimate mosquito elimination.