Healing Your Thousand-Year-Old Trauma

by Resmaa Menakem, MSW, LICSW, SEP

During the Middle Ages in Europe, torture, mutilation, and other forms of savagery particularly on women were seen as normal aspects of life. Public executions were literally a spectator sport.

As a result, when European “settlers”first came to this country…

What We Pass on to Our Kids

by Resmaa Menakem

When my brothers and I were little, we spent a lot of time at our grandmother’s house. She was always happy to have us, but sometimes, when we got into serious trouble, she would whup us. She used a switch…

How Racism Began as White-on-White Violence

by Resmaa Menakem

The 1500s and 1600s in England and Europe were anything but gentle times. People were routinely burned at the stake for religious heresy, a practice that began in the twelfth century and continued through 1612. Torture was an official instrument of…

White Supremacy as a Trauma Response

For the past three decades, we’ve earnestly tried to address white supremacy with reason, principles, and ideas — using dialogue, forums, discussions, education, and mental training. Clearly, this isn’t working as well as we’d expected.

It’s not that we’ve been lazy or insincere. But…

Resmaa Menakem

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