Journal Entry 3

· Thursday, September 7, 9:40am-11:00am: The first 10 minutes of class we took a quiz on the first module. We then discussed how gender and leadership correlate with one another. A lot of the points that were raised on this topic were the leadership role of a mother and how it affects how children view women as leaders in society. Another point that was raised was if race or gender come first to us. Many in the class agreed that if Donald Trump offended all blacks by stating he doesn’t have respect for them, instead of his statement about women, the outcome would be that society would have reacted far worse. In addition, many would choose to identify with their race before their gender.

· Friday, September 8, 3:00pm-4:00pm: Today I looked over the syllabus, organized the dates of my home assignments and constructed my journal entry for the following week. I have found that it is easier doing this in advance to make sure all assignments are completed.

· Sunday, September 10, 3:30pm-5:30pm: I read and took notes on the ancient myth of Narcissus. The tale is about a man named Narcissus. He has traits of what is now known as a narcissist, exuding arrogance and self-obsession. He breaks the hearts of others who are enamored by his beauty. A nymph named Echo was one of them. Echo could only repeat what was said to her, hence the meaning of the name. After Narcissus deceived the nymph for expressing love toward him, the goddess of vengeance/ payback, Nemesis, pushes Narcissus by allowing him to love no one but himself. He then dies gazing at his own reflection in a pool of water, unable to stop looking at himself. The nymphs who love him, created a white and gold flower in his name.

· Monday, September 11, 5:00pm-7:00pm: Today I completed the modules for The ancient myth of Narcissus.

o The Myth of Narcissus module:

§ 5 personality traits in the character of Narcissus; proud, self-obsession, arrogant, nonchalant, and empty.

§ 5 activities that leaders are regularly expected to do; campaign, lecture, group discussion, advise others, and teach. The character Narcissus doesn’t care to do any of these activities.

§ How many of the 9 criteria in the DSM does Narcissus exhibit; Narcissus exhibits all of the 9 criteria of the DSM for narcissism.

· Tuesday, September 12, 9:40am-11:00am: Today we read and discussed section 339 of the ancient myth of Narcissus. We then went over modules 1–3, the first being; 5 personality traits of the character Narcissus. We then described activities that leaders are regularly expected to do in leadership roles, then analyzed Narcissus character to see if he exhibited any of those traits. Next, we read the oxford definition of narcissist. The definition stated “excessive self-love or vanity; self-admiration, self-centeredness.” We read that the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, defined and diagnosed the term as; “A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning in early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:

  1. Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements).
  2. Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love.
  3. Believes that he or she is “special” and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions).
  4. Requires excessive admiration.
  5. Has a sense entitlement (i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations).
  6. Is interpersonally exploitative (i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends).
  7. Lack empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others.
  8. Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her.
  9. Shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes.” We then used the 9 criteria for narcissism to compare it to the character of Narcissus. Lastly, we were asked have we ever used DSM to diagnosed others in life.

· Wednesday, September 13, 7:00pm-9:00pm: Completed Journal Entry #3.

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