Saturn in Capricorn 2017 -2020 Part III
American Civil-Rights Movement
The American Civil-Rights Movement was in full swing in 1959 to 1961, The Greensboro sit-ins Begin a a series of nonviolent protests between February — July 1960 , and this was when Saturn moved into Capricorn. We know that racial segregation and conflicts, colonisation, and slavery have long been associated to Saturn in Capricorn, Jupiter in Scorpio and Saturn-Pluto aspects. In America in 1784 when Saturn was in Capricorn, Thomas Jefferson proposed in 1784 to end slavery in all the territories, but his bill lost in the Congress by one vote. Saturn and Pluto were conjunct in Aquarius in 1786, and the United States Constitution was created in 1787, and interestingly the thirteenth amendment was passed in 1865. This amendment suggested to fully abolish slavery and involuntary servitude, and Saturn and Pluto were conjunct at that moment. We probably have noticed that racial conflicts are getting more overt after the inauguration of Donald Trump, and we should devote more attention on the rights of different races, LGBT groups and women, all of which correspond with the issues of Saturn in Capricorn, Jupiter in Scorpio and Saturn-Pluto aspects.
After paying attention to the rise of far-right parties and fascism after 1929, we inevitably have to put our eye on the rise of McCarthyism too, a practice which rose around 1947 that, in the name of fighting against communism, arrested those who criticised the government and put them to trial. The most famous case must be that of the Hollywood Ten, after the screenwriters and directors refuse to co-operate with the House Un-American Activities Committee concerning allegations of communist influences in the movie business. The ten men are blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studios on the following day. These men were accused of being members of communist parties, and they lost their jobs and were put into jail. It was when Saturn and Pluto were conjunct in Leo. At that time, the idea of anti-communism prevailed in America, and many people were arrested for treason or subversion. When talking about patriotic emotions, some of us may be aware of Trump’s criticism against the protest of soccer players, blaming them being non-patriotic and insulting the national flag. From the above example, we probably realise that Saturn-Pluto aspects may easily bring forth nationalistic actions because of fear and self-protection. What is more interesting is that the Texas v. Johnson incident also happened in 1989 when Saturn was in Capricorn. In this incident, Gregory Lee “Joey” Johnson, then a member of the Revolutionary Communist Youth Brigade, participated in a political demonstration during the 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas, Texas. Johnson poured kerosene on the flag and set it on fire. They eventually won the case, and his action of burning national flag was regarded as an act protected by freedom of speech as stated in the constitution. We should also notice that it was 1984 when Johnson burned the flag, which was right after Saturn and Pluto got conjunct in 1983.
Eastern Asian Region
In 1988 to 1991 when Saturn was in Capricorn, Burma and South Korea underwent large-scale protests led by democracy movements. North Korea, on the other hand, was found having nuclear weapons and its first nuclear test took place in 2006 when Jupiter was in Scorpio. South Korea and North Korea had their first official contact in 1990; at the same time, the Saffron Revolution happened and Aung San Suu Kyi was arrested in Burma. In 1988, the university students of Taiwan organised a protest for democracy movements, which eventually led Taiwan on it path to democracy. Across the strait, the infamous June Fourth Incident happened in China in 1989. Earlier in 1959 to 1961, South Korea had some intense protests for democracy; at the same time, the Cultural Revolution happened in China. It was also when the Chinese government ruled Tibet with a heavy hand and the Dalai Lama fled.
China’s territorial claim around the South China Sea is the main reason behind tensions among South-east Asian countries. Besides, China also plays a vital role on the North Korea nuclear issue. At the moment, President Xi Jingpin almost dominates the sovereignty. He implements control over Internet and media with a heavy hand. However, with the arising political conflicts of Hong Kong, the isolating relationship with Taiwan after Tsai Ing-wen, a pro-Taiwan Independence candidate, was elected as President in 2016, and what China went through in the previous Saturn in Capricorn periods in the 20th century which all shocked China, we had better cautiously keep an eye on China’s development. Also, let’s not forget to pay attention to the political stability of Korea and the SE Asian countries in the upcoming two years.
From the observation of Saturn-Pluto conjunctions, we realise that there are always major events happening, especially large-scale racial conflicts or civil wars. In February 1947, Taiwan had a very large-scale anti-government uprising, the February 28 Incident, triggered by a dispute between a cigarette vendor and an officer of the Office of Monopoly which eventually led to civil disorder and an open rebellion that lasted for days. The violence spread and led to indiscriminate lynching of Mainlanders, with an estimated 10,000 casualties. Also, in 1947, 400,000 people were slaughtered during a mass migration of Hindus and Muslims into the new states India and Pakistan. During the Saturn-Pluto conjunction in 1983, the Black July anti-Tamil riots,generally regarded as the beginning of the Sri Lankan Civil War, began in Sri Lanka, killing between 400 and 3,000.
When discussing the 1929 Saturn in Capricorn era, inevitably we would discuss the infamous Wall Street stock market crash. This incident happened in October, and Saturn was in retrograde moving back to 26 Sagittarius, the degree around the Galactic Centre. This not only affected the financial markets and banks of the States and European countries and in turn led to the Great Depression, but also invoked people’s dissatisfaction towards their governments changing their support to far-right political parties and fascism, which is one of the main reasons behind WWII. In 1931, Pluto was in Cancer and Saturn was in Capricorn, forming an opposition. In November 2017, Saturn once again approached 26 Sagittarius, a degree that invokes riots and disorders, and it will be conjunct Pluto two years later. The financial markets have been skyrocketing this year, and a lot of astrologers have already warned about this over-optimistic attitude towards investment.
Another financial crisis happened in Latin America in 1982 under similar planetary placements. Saturn was conjunct Pluto in Libra at that time. To Latin America, it was not simply a financial crisis because it triggered conflicts across the continent. The dictator of Argentina at that time tried to redirect people’s dissatisfaction out of this crisis by invoking the Falkland war, eventually causing his own downfall.
Gender Issues and Human Rights Issue
Feminist movements and LGBTQ equal right movements seem to be related to this series of planetary placements too. In 1988 when Saturn, Uranus and Neptune were all in Capricorn, the Conservative government led by Margaret Thatcher enacted Section 28, stating that a local authority “shall not intentionally promote homosexuality or publish material with the intention of promoting homosexuality” or “promote the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship”. However, the World Health Organization removed homosexuality from its list of diseases.
The first female country leader elected in a general election also appeared in 1960 in Sri Lanka as their stateswoman when Saturn was in Capricorn, and female citizens in Sri Lanka that time were granted the voting right. Perhaps it would surprise you, but women in Geneva only started to have voting rights in that time, and it was limited to Geneva only, not the whole Switzerland. Swiss female citizens outside of Geneva had to wait till 1971 to vote. In 1914 when Saturn and Pluto were conjunct, the United States House of Representatives rejected the proposal of letting women vote. Does letting women vote mean shaking the patriarch society? Will this deprive men of their rights? Will recognising the existence of LGBTQ group mean invading the rights that heterosexuals have? Saturn and Pluto aspects fear that one’s own rights will be deprived, and we can see such implication manifest among these social conflicts. These gender issues also are related to Chiron in Aries. When Chiron moves into Aries in 2018, we can expect obvious development of gender issues to happen.
Cancer-Capricorn axis often triggers controversies over birth control. In December 1920, the Papal encyclical Casti connubii issued by Pope Pius XI stressed the sanctity of marriage, prohibited Roman Catholics from using any form of artificial birth control, and reaffirmed the Catholic prohibition on abortion, whereas FDA of U.S. authorised the first oral contraceptive pills in 1960. Interestingly, the famous Barbie doll of Mattel first appeared in 1959. Although it is a widely popular doll, it often invoked sexual and racial controversies, both of which are closely associated to Capricorn or Cancer-Capricorn axis.
What is more worth our notice is colonisation and slavery. Although most countries have already forbidden slavery, it actually still exists in our society in disguise — see how some employees enslave themselves or get enslaved by employers. From the news, we see how some people treat their housemaids as slaves, maltreating them by offering harsh dining, sleeping and living environment.
We can see the obvious influence of Saturn in Capricorn over regimes, kingdoms, systems, structures and racial conflicts, and it may even bring forth doubts. When Saturn returns to Capricorn, its own sign, it will not bring stability to politics as we expect; instead, whoever have privilege or advantage on gender, racial, or politic issues, the neglected or invaded ones will also take action responsively. We can expect some traits related to independence movements, racial conflicts, the rise of far-right political parties, gender issue, LGBTQ rights issue, human rights issue, and anti-slavery appearing when Saturn is about to leave Sagittarius, and situations would get clearer once Saturn moves into Capricorn.
Fear of Death, Nuclear Weapons, Chemical Weapons and HIV
Both Saturn and Pluto symbolise the fear of death, and this explains why Saturn-Pluto aspects often brought forth mass casualty in history. Wars and Epidemics often are main causes behind such deaths. When Saturn and Pluto form aspects, we, on one hand, witness mass casualties because of conflicts and wars, but on the other hand we see how the contemporary try their very best to stop the recurrence of tragedies. When we have discussed conflict between USSR and NATO in previous sections, we mentioned that it was the climax of Cold War and nuclear crisis in 1983. In fact, in 1946 after WWII, when Saturn and Pluto were conjunct, prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru appealed to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would “save humanity from the ultimate disaster.”
Besides USA and USSR, France also decided to develop nuclear weapon in 1958 when Saturn was in Capricorn, and had started nuclear tests since 1960. At the same time, within the framework of the United Nations, the principle of nuclear non-proliferation was addressed in negotiations as early as 1957. The NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) process was launched by Frank Aiken, Irish Minister for External Affairs, in 1958. Also, due to similar nuclear threats from North Korea, leading UK and USSR also started nuclear bombing tests at that time. In 2017, The United Nations passed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which is the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, with the goal of leading towards their total elimination. Also, the Nobel Peace Prize of 2017 went to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, ICAN. It means that it may be possible for us to promote nuclear elimination under Saturn-Pluto conjunction.
Besides nuclear weapons, chemical weapons are another concern. In 1990 when Saturn was still in Capricorn, U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed a treaty to end chemical weapon production and began destroying their respective stocks. Then, in 1992 to 1993, United Nations negotiated a ban on chemical weapons. In early 1993, the treaty was signed and soon the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons was formed, and it was when Saturn in Aquarius and Pluto in Scorpio formed a square.
Nuclear crisis was not the only threat in 1982 and 1983 when Saturn-Pluto conjunction took place in Libra. It was also when two separate research groups led by Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier independently declared that a novel retrovirus may have been infecting people with HIV/AIDS. We know how much fear it had caused in the eighties. People know little about the virus and thus acted discriminatingly to patients, like claiming this disease was the punishment of God on homosexuals. Patients were isolated. Such reaction corresponds with the meaning of Saturn-Pluto conjunction in Libra — fear in intimacy and partnership.
There was something spectacular happened in 1517 -1518 which worth our notice. At that time, Saturn and Pluto were conjunct in Capricorn, and Uranus was about to move into Taurus — these outer planet placements are what we are going to experience in 2019.
In 1517, Ottoman Empire occupied Egypt, and an ambassador from Portugal had his first official contact with China. Perhaps this could be related to the tense situation of Turkey and Middle East, and the world’s interest on China nowadays. What is more important is that Martin Luther published his 95 Theses and posted them on the door of the Wittenberg Castle Church in 1517, on 31 October 1517 Saturn was still on 27 Sagittarius but conjunct with Pluto in 2 degrees Capricorn and Uranus was at 5 degrees Taurus.
We cannot say that this single act boosted religious reformation at that time, especially when Jan Hus and John Wyclif had already criticised the Church publicly in the 14th century, and their words have had influence ever since. If we try to explore the history of how the Church split, there actually lies the influence of Saturn-Pluto cycle. In the Council of Chalcedon held in AD 451, the See of Constantinople was elevated to a position “second in eminence and power to the Bishop of Rome” and Rome thus filed a protest against the reduction of honour given to Antioch and Alexandria. It was one of the major deviations between Constantinople and Rome. Pluto was in Cancer and Saturn was in Libra at that time, forming a tight square.
The Byzantine Iconoclasm in AD726 worsened the conflict between Pope of Roman Church and Constantinople where the emperor of Byzantine Empire resided. Saturn was in Aquarius whereas Pluto was in Leo (they would form an exact opposition after 2 years).
From the observation of these history, I believe we should not limit our focus on the reformation of church or conflicts among different denominations. Instead, we should realise that at that time the Church actually possessed great political rights. The conflicts between the king and the pope were often because of economic advantages and political rights. These are also attributes of Saturn and Pluto. When considering East-West Schism, we should not only think about religious difference.