What Is A Root Canal

Have you been recommended root canal treatment by your dentist? Do you want to know what is root canal treatment? Thousands of root canal procedures are performed each year for treatment of infection inside the tooth.

What is Root Canal Treatment?

Many people are not aware of the fact that there is a natural cavity inside the tooth. This cavity is known as the pulp chamber. This pulp chamber carries the pulp and the root canal system. This pulp is what keeps the tooth alive. It includes connective tissues, nerves and blood vessels and is responsible for creation of the hard tissues surrounding the tooth during childhood.

There are times when this pulp inside the pulp chamber becomes infected due to some reasons including repeated dental procedures, deep tooth decay, root fracture, trauma such as a chip among others. Sometimes, gum disease also leads to this infection or inflammation of the pulp in the pulp chamber.

Any of the above mentioned issues can result in acute inflammation or infection of the pulp that leads to swelling inside the tooth which in turn leads to intense tooth pain and damage to the pulp. However, once the pulp inside the pulp chamber is dead, the pain may subside but infection may spread to the surrounding tissues and in some cases to the bone and it can become a chronic infection.

In such cases, dentists or endodontist may recommend root canal treatment. Endodontists are root canal specialists who undergo two or more years of advanced residency training (in addition to regular training) in the disorders related to dental pulp.

How Is Root Canal Treatment Done

The treatment can be done in a single visit or multiple visits depending on the severity of the infection. The endodontist will advise the patient about the number of appointments that may be necessary for completing the procedure. The endodontist may also prescribe some antibiotics if there is already an infection inside the tooth before starting the root cannot treatment.

Before beginning the procedure, the dentist will give a local anesthetic to numb the area where the root canal therapy is to be done. Once the anesthesia starts working, the doctor will take a dental x-ray for further reference during the procedure.

Now, the endodontist will place a rubber dam over the mouth. This is used to keep the tooth that is being worked on away from the saliva inside the mouth. It is important that the tooth remains dry before the procedure is started. The endodontist is also going to make use of several different types of chemicals and solutions to disinfect the infected part inside the pulp chamber.

This dam also helps in preventing those chemicals and medications from getting inside your mouth. Once the dam is in place, the dentist starts drilling a very small hole in the tooth to reach the pulp chamber.

Once the dentist teaches the pulp chamber, he will start removing the infected tissue and nerves from inside the pulp chamber with the help of tiny files. There are several handy instruments used by dentists to remove the infected tissue from inside the tooth. Once the dentist believes that all infected tissue and nerves are gone, a new x-ray may be taken to determine whether all the nerves has been removed.

If nerves remain inside the tooth, it may result in pain once the procedure has been completed and there is also a chance of the infection emerging again which may result in complete loss of the tooth. Therefore, dentists prefer to remove every last bit of nerve inside the tooth and this takes a very long time as dentist needs to be extremely careful to not hurt the patient.

Once all infected tissue has been completely removed, tiny absorbent paper is used to dry out the inside of the tooth. Once the inside is completely dry, a material known as gutta percha is used to fill inside the tooth. This is a rubber like material that is used for sealing inside the tooth. Once the inside has been completely sealed, the dentist will proceed to place a temporary or permanent filling over the gutta percha for closing the tooth. Your dentist may recommend placing a crown over the treated teeth as there is no pulp inside the tooth and it may become brittle victim.

Once the local anesthesia starts wearing off, you may need to take some painkillers to get rid of the pain. Also, your dentist may prescribe some antibiotics to take care of any remaining infection inside the tooth. This is all you need to know about what is root canal treatment.What Is Root Canal Treatment