SOME CONSTRUCTION INNOVATION AND SOME PROBLEMS WITH THEM
new materials, design as well as advancement in digital technology is creating some innovations. here are some of the exiting innovations that can be seen after few decades.
1. SELF-HEALING CONCRETE
it is also known as bio-concrete Cracking is a major problem in construction, usually caused by exposure to water . microbiologists thinks about it & researching for a concrete that can heal itself for that they are looking to develop a self-healing concrete, using a mix containing bacteria within micro-capsules. which will germinate when water enters a crack in the concrete to produce limestone, plugging the crack before water and oxygen has a chance to corrode the steel reinforcement but the question is how many times it will heal the concrete & what will we the cost of that kind of concrete.
2. PHOTO-VOLTAIC GLAZING
Photo-voltaic glass (PV glass) is a technology that enables the conversion of light into electricity.The PV glass have semiconductors known as solar cells which are sandwiched between to thin sheets of glass. The assembly is not perfectly transparent but it allows some light through it. Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) can help buildings generate their own electricity, byturning the whole building into a solar panel but the another point is there is a problem with that when we build that kind of building the location of building will be like there will be some other buildings too so the sun light will not fall directly on the panels which are at litle lower height or fixed at starting floors of building. To use them we should keep fix them at a sufficient height or we can assembled them on upper area only.
5. KINETIC ROADS
Italian startup Underground Power is exploring the potential of kinetic energy in roadways. It has developed a technology called Lybra, a tyre-like rubber paving that converts the kinetic energy produced by moving vehicles into electrical energy. Developed in co-operation with the Polytechnic University of Milan, Lybra operates on the principle that a braking car dissipates kinetic energy. The cutting-edge technology is able to collect, convert this energy into electricity and pass it on to the electricity grid. In addition to improving road safety, the device upgrades and promotes sustainability of road traffic but in India there is no chance of that kind of roads in next 10–15 years because the roads will be costly & what about their maintenance when rain walls on them , they should will be water resistant , dirt resistant & there are many problem with them if there is a pipe line of gas or other thing & the leakage happens then we have excavate & then there will be a chance of water to penetrate it.