English tips for Brazilians: Connectors

First off, I’m not a teacher neither an expert in English. I work for a multinational company so speaking English is critical for my work activities. I just want to share with you some tips that I have learned.

Do you know CONNECTORS? Connectors are words (or conjunctions) used to join two phrases, doing a relationship between them. A sample in Portuguese: portanto, logo, pois, como, mas, e, embora, porque, entretanto. Here you can see a list of some connectors that you can use:

ADDITION
and = e
in addition = alem disso
furthermore = alem disso
besides = alem disso
moreover = alem disso
as well as = tambem, assim como, bem como
also = tambem
apart from = com exceção de
both… and = ambos, tanto… como
not only… but also = nao apenas… mas tb
also

CONTRAST, CONCESSION
but = mas
however = entretanto
nevertheless = não obstante
yet = entretanto, ainda
nonetheless = não obstante
despite that = apesar de
in spite of = apesar de
although = embora
even thought = embora
thought = embora
raster than = em vez de
instead of = em vez de
Whereas, meanwhile = enquanto
On the other hand

PURPOSE
in order to = a fim de
so as so = de modo que

CONSEQUENCE, CONCLUSION
therefore = portanto
consequently = consequentemente
accordingly = de acordo
fence = pois, entao, dai
as a result = consequentemente
thus = assim
Thereby: because of, or by means of, what has just been mentioned
The diet makes the blood less sticky, thereby helping to prevent heart disease.
so = entao, pois
then = entao
finally = finalmente
Otherwise= de resto
In summary
To sum up
To conclude
In conclusion

ALTERNATIVE
otherwise = por outro lado
or = ou
or else = ou entao, ou ainda
either… or = ou… ou
whereas = enquanto
while = enquanto
whilst= enquanto

CAUSE / REASON
because = porque
due to = devido a
as = porque
since = uma vez que
In order to
So as not to
So that
The wordy expression due to the fact that should be replaced by because or since.

DOUBT OR HYPOTHESIS
perhaps = talvez
maybe = talvez
possibly = possivelmente

EMPHASIS
that is = isto é
in other words = em outras palavras
in short = em resumo
in brief = em resumo
that is to say = quer dizer
i. e. = isto é

COMPARISON
like = como
than = do que
as = como
Likewise
Similarly

ILLUSTRATION
e.g. = por exemplo
for instance = por exemplo
for example = por exemplo
such as = tal como
namely = a saber
viz = quer dizer

CONDITION
if = se
unless = se nao, a menos que
provided that = uma vez que, se
on condition that = desde que
as long as = uma vez que
subject to = sujeito a
whether = e
as = enquanto
as = quando
Otherwise