Amazing Historical Places in The Land Of Pharaohs
Giza Pyramid Complex : The complex includes three main pyramids, six little pyramids, the great sphinx and the Valley Temple. The complex dates back to the 4th dynasty 2400 years B.C.
The Great Pyramid of Khufu: The great pyramid belongs to “King Khufu” is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids of Giza plateau and the only one to remain intact from the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. The height of the great pyramid is 147 m, the number of stones used in construction is 2,300,000 and it took twenty years to be built.
The Valley Temple: A Granite mortuary temple used by Ancient Egyptians for the mummification process and this is the only remaining one at Giza plateau.
Saqqara Step Pyramid :It is considered to be the earliest large-scale cut stone construction; it dates back to the reign of King Djeser who ruled Egypt during the 27th century B.C. The step pyramid consists of 6 steps built atop one another with a height of 62m.
The Egyptian Museum: The museum displays a rare collection of 5000 years of art. Over 250,000 genuine artifacts are presented, including an exhibit dedicated to Tutankhamen collection of treasure, gold, and jewelry which was enclosed in his tomb for over 3,500 years.
Salah El Din Citadel: It served as Egypt’s seat of government till the 1860s, Cairo Citadel is a magnificent fortress. It was constructed during Salah ad-Din reign. The construction work has started in 1176 and was completed in 1182.
Mohamed Ali Mosque: was constructed between 1830 and 1848, the mosque named ” The Alabaster Mosque” because of most of the walls made out of pure alabaster. The mosque is a replica of the Blue Mosque in Istanbul.
Khan El Khalili Bazaar: No visit to Cairo is Complete without a stop at the Khan El-Khalili bazaar, the bazaar is the oldest and the most famous in the middle east. It was constructed in 970 AD, the same year as the founding of Cairo.
Valley of the Kings: The final resting place of Egypt’s rulers from the 18th to the 20th dynasty, it is home to tombs including the great pharaoh Ramses II and boy pharaoh Tutankhamen. The tombs were well stocked with all the material goods a ruler might need in the next world. Most of the decoration inside the tombs still well preserved.
Hatshepsut Temple: It is one of the most beautiful & best preserved of all of the temples of Ancient Egypt. The temple was built on three levels with two wide ramps in a central position joining the levels together.
Colossi of Memnon: Two massive stone statues of king Amenhotep III are the only remains of a complete mortuary temple. The statues are made from blocks of quartzite sandstone which exist in Cairo then moved 700 KM to Luxor.
Hurghada Red Sea: It is one of the country’s main tourist centres located on the Red Sea coast.
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