Steven Weber makes a strong case for Open Source as a new production process in his 2005 book, Success of Open Source. He explains open source as:
“an experiment in social organization around a distinctive notion of property. The conventional notion of property is, of course, the right to exclude you from using something that belongs to me. Property in open source is configured fundamentally around the right to distribute, not the right to exclude. … Open source is an experiment in building a political economy—that is, a system of sustainable value creation and a set of governance mechanisms. In this case it is a governance system that holds together a community of producers around this counterintuitive notion of property rights as distribution.”
Highly recommend reading Weber’s book… was continually amazed at how much of his approach and explanation holds up 10+ years later.