The Case For a Creator
Evidence From Biological Information
In 1953, Francis Crick and James D. Watson discovered DNA, the six feet of genetic information that is coiled inside of our body’s one hundred trillion cells. Scientists marvel at how it provides the information needed to create all of the proteins from which our bodies are constructed. Embedded in our 23 pairs of chromosomes are 30,000 genes that yield as many as 20,500 kinds of proteins. “DNA serves as the information storehouse for a finely choreographed manufacturing process in which the right amino acids are linked together with the right bonds in the right sequence to produce the right kind of proteins that fold in the right way to build biological systems.” This process is mind boggling and could not have happened outside of intelligent design.
The DNA Library
The key to discovering the origin of life is to understand the origin of biological information. Scientists already know and agree that DNA provides the code for building the cell’s components (mostly proteins). The issue is where this genetic information originated. DNA stores the instructions for protein assembly in the form of a four-character code. These four characters are the chemicals adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine (represented as A, G, C, and T). The proper arrangement of these characters instructs the cell to build its sequences of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. Using the analogy of a library helps describe the process the DNA uses to build protein molecules. There are long rows of A, C, G, and T’s meticulously arranged to form protein structure. Anywhere from 1,200 to 2,000 letters are needed to build one protein. That is a lot of information!
Where did all this information originate? This essential question has led to the breakdown of all naturalistic explanations.
Are There Other Options?
In 1871, Darwin speculated that the origin of life stemmed from the chemical formation of a protein compound in a little pond consisting of ammonia, phosphoric salts, light, heat, and other ingredients. Scientists refer to this as prebiotic soup. What’s interesting is that there is absolutely no evidence that this prebiotic soup even existed. Yet most origin of life theories are based on its existence, and scientists talk about this ancient ocean as if it is a given. Even if this soup did exist and it contained amino acids, the reaction with the other chemicals would have actually interfered with the formation of life. What about random chance? Rejected by most scientists, it is still in vogue at the popular level. The probability of a protein molecule forming by chance is about the same as throwing scrabble letters down and generating a book. For a protein molecule to be formed by chance you need the right bonds between the amino acids and only the left-handed ones. And then they must link up in a specified sequence. Calculate the probability and you will come up with a 10 with 25 zeroes on it. That’s just for one molecule. And even the simpler cells need 300- 500 protein molecules. What about natural selection? Darwinists suggest that nature provides chance variations, and then the natural selection process picks the most advantageous ones. Over long periods of time, these small variations can result in major differences. Here’s the problem with that theory. Whether biological evolution is possible might be open to debate, but it certainly doesn’t work at the chemical level. In other words, Darwinists admit that natural selection needs a self-replicating organism to work. But reproduction requires cell division, which in turn requires the existence of information-filled DNA and proteins. And we have already explained how improbable it is for one protein molecule to evolve.
No naturalistic theory has even come close to explaining the origin of life. That doesn’t mean we accept intelligent design just because all other theories fail. We accept it because it is the best explanation.
“We should not be looking for only the best naturalistic explanation, but the best explanation, period. And intelligent design is the explanation that’s most in conformity with how the world works.” ~Stephen Myer